1. The wait is over! Download the BeerAdvocate app on iTunes or Google Play now.
  2. Get 12 issues / year of BeerAdvocate magazine for only $9.99!

Aphrodisiaque - Brasserie Dieu Du Ciel

Not Rated.
AphrodisiaqueAphrodisiaque

Displayed for educational use only; do not reuse.
BA SCORE
94
outstanding

1,077 Ratings
THE BROS
-
no score

(send 'em beer!)
Ratings: 1,077
Reviews: 534
rAvg: 4.21
pDev: 9.26%
Wants: 129
Gots: 112 | FT: 7
Brewed by:
Brasserie Dieu Du Ciel visit their website
Quebec, Canada

Style | ABV
American Stout |  6.50% ABV

Availability: Rotating

Notes/Commercial Description:
Also known as Aphrodite or Aphrodisiac in the USA.

(Cacao Et A La Vanille)

(Beer added by: Popsinc on 06-10-2003)
Beer: Ratings & Reviews
Sort by:  Latest | High | Low | Top Raters
Ratings: 1,077 | Reviews: 534 | Display Reviews Only:
Photo of strangemusic
strangemusic

British Columbia (Canada)

4.47/5  rDev +6.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Pour is jet black with a robust milk-chocolate-coloured head that leaves rings of froth on the glass as it settles and eventually dissipates to a ring around the edge of the beer. It looks like a proper stout.

Smell is of chocolate, coffee, roasty malt, wheat bread, cedar, and vanilla caramels. Scrumptious!

The taste is a first big splash of powdered cocoa and then bittersweet chocolate, with wood and cedar smoke and a noticeably bitter coffee aftertaste. Some bready flavours too. Rich.

Mouthfeel is very good for this beer. Round, velvety smooth and creamy but not overly thick or oily. The bitter aftertaste throws this a little bit off balance, but it's not as in-your-face bitingly roasty/bitter or as astringently alcoholic as, say, DDC's bigger, badder, coffee-infused Imperial, Peché Mortel (though that is a tremendous beer in its own right.)

I would say that, given the amount of taste and aroma depth in this beer and the fact that it's still a very manageable 6.5%, the drinkability merits well. I could sip comfortably through a few bottles of this brew.

Serving type: bottle

06-02-2010 23:29:52 | More by strangemusic
Photo of DoktorZee
DoktorZee

Alberta (Canada)

4.08/5  rDev -3.1%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

Poured from a bottle into a pint glass. Brew date on the bottle of March 2010 (2 months ago).

A - Super dark allowing almost no light to pass through. Small (one finger) tan colored head shrinks down to a light bit of lacing around the edges after a couple minutes.

S - Coffee and chocolate notes, along with rich baking bread.

T - Amalgam of rich chocolate flavors backed by vanilla. Coffee bitterness endures long after a large taste. Lingers for minutes.

M - Rich and velvety; the bitterness dominates even while drinking.

D - In spite of the bitterness you still are compelled to drink, but it's just not as smooth as the Peche Mortel.

Very good beer, but too close to the Peche Mortel (which is an all-round better beer IMO). I wouldn't make this a 100% go-to beer, but I will certainly drink it from time to time. Overall the Peche Mortel is richer and better balanced, but this is also a very good beer (i.e. how can you beat a revelation?)

Serving type: bottle

05-31-2010 21:39:53 | More by DoktorZee
Photo of Mora2000
Mora2000

Texas

4/5  rDev -5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Thanks to Exiled for sharing this beer. This beer was my youngest brother's 100th beer.

The beer pours dark brown to black with a tan head. The aroma is vanilla, chocolate and smoke. The flavor is milk chocolate, vanilla, roasted malt and light smoke. The beer tastes a whole lot like cream soda. Medium-thick mouthfeel and low carbonation.

Serving type: bottle

05-29-2010 04:54:51 | More by Mora2000
Photo of htomsirveaux
htomsirveaux

Texas

4.47/5  rDev +6.2%
look: 4 | smell: 5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

330 mL bottle tried 28 Apr 2010. Labeled as Aphroditie (apparently cause the gummint thinks that I think that aphrodisiacs might be real (and what if they were?!?)).

Served this up in a 512 One snifter. Pours a very dark black red color. Medium sized brown oily head. Medium carbonation. Chocolate dominates the aroma, along with sweet vanilla and cocoa. Drinks like dark bitter sweet chocolate. Vanilla floats around the roof of the mouth. Hint of espresso. Smooth velvety body, almost melts in the mouth (if that makes sense). Aftertaste is burnt and bittersweet. Well balanced between sweetness and burnt chocolate. Ethanol is slightly warming.

Gimme more!

Serving type: bottle

05-28-2010 04:10:40 | More by htomsirveaux
Photo of juju7
juju7

Australia

4.3/5  rDev +2.1%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Love the mountain of custard like head on this.The vanilla and cocoa really add something to ths beer to give it another dmension rather than over power it and take over like so many other beers with herb or spice additives do. Silky smooth, complex and just plain delicious.

Serving type: bottle

05-19-2010 11:14:42 | More by juju7
Photo of regspeir
regspeir

Pennsylvania

4.22/5  rDev +0.2%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

12 0z. bottle into a standard pint glass
An aggressive pour yielded an opaque black with a huge mocha-colored head which never completely dissapated. Lacing is lasting as well. Nose is not overwhelming - chocolate and vanilla prevail with some traces of roasted malt. Taste is chocolate, vanilla a bready malt flavor and a nice semi-bitter finish with a little alcohol warming. Very creamy and not overly thick mouthfeel. Good carbonation. This is a very tasty sipper and, except for the price, one I will want again.

Serving type: bottle

05-17-2010 21:16:47 | More by regspeir
Photo of andrenaline
andrenaline

Ontario (Canada)

4.45/5  rDev +5.7%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Enjoyed a few bottles of this at a wine bar with my wife... Go figure?!

A - Poured a nice thick thumb of head, head was very appealing hosting an array of dark brown colours. Really dark in colour with no real visible carbonation. A little bit of lacing was present.

S - The chocolate scent on this one was incredible, and it had a very sweet finish to it as well. Almost a 'floral' bouquet of chocolate scents, really nice.

T - Absolutely loved this one. A nice dark cocoa chocolate taste, and the sweet vanilla finish was incredible. Hints of coffee were present as well. The higher alcohol content was not noticeable.

M - This had a thicker feel on the palette, but was very drinkable.

D - Would definitely recommend this one to anyone who was looking for a memorable dark beer. I can guarantee I will not forget this one. Delicious.

Serving type: bottle

05-15-2010 18:52:11 | More by andrenaline
Photo of metter98
metter98

New York

4.35/5  rDev +3.3%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

A: It poured jet black with a dark mocha-colored head that quickly faded away into a thin layer of bubbles. The beer is too dark to see any evidence of rising bubbles from the carbonation.
S: Aromas of dark chocolate and vanilla beans are present in the nose, but really only start to intensify as the beer warms up.
T: The taste is very nicely balanced between flavors of dark roasted malts, chocolate, and vanilla. There are notes of sweetness and bitterness in the taste, similar to semisweet chocolate.
M: It feels medium-bodied on the palate and smooth with a slight bit of dryness on the finish.
D: The beer is very drinkable and packs in a lot of flavor with a relatively low level of alcohol content. I definitely want to dry this beer again and would try pairing it with a sweet chocolate dessert. If you like chocolate and vanilla, this beer is a must-have.

Serving type: bottle

05-15-2010 16:41:08 | More by metter98
Photo of TheHammer
TheHammer

Ontario (Canada)

3.13/5  rDev -25.7%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3

Appearance: Produce a finger of darker lace that modestly retained and laced. Black as night as to be expected from a stout. Nice, but nothing to write home about.

Smell: It smells like dark coffee with notes of dark chocolate and only the barest undertones of vanilla. Warming is really needed for this offering, as the sweeter elements begin to come out.

Taste: Starts with a hint of vanilla and chocolate that gradually shifts to a very bitter and overly roasted malt that dominates the experience, building to an almost unbearable level before being smoothed out by the return of the darker chocolate and a bit of coffee.

Mouthfeel: Has a bit of a sticky aftertaste, and a bitterness that lingers for far too long. Smooth and has some decent transitions. The carbonation however falls a bit flat at the half way point, which is disappointing.

Drinkability: I dunno, even for a standard stout it seems just a bit too roasted for my tastes. The sweeter elements seem out of place here, and really the only thing they serve to do is poorly reign in the overwhelming burnt malt. Refreshing I suppose, but it's just not as good as I'd expect it to be.

Final Thoughts: I was really expecting more of a vanilla flavor/scent to this offering. I was also expecting this stout to fall more on the sweeter side. After having it, it seems to suffer from an identity crisis. It's not sure if it should be a sweet stout or a stronger double stout. This is certainly no Peche Mortel, and frankly I am surprised it is in the Canadian top 10.

Serving type: bottle

05-10-2010 17:58:37 | More by TheHammer
Photo of koopa
koopa

New Jersey

4.2/5  rDev -0.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Listed at Capone's in Norristown PA as "APHRODITE", I consumed this brew on 4/18/10.

From notes...

Appearance: Dark as night - lifeless - like dolls eyes, minimal khaki crown, minimal retention, and minimal lace.

Smell: Loads of dark cocoa powder with a slight vanilla note.

Taste: Same as nose but not as pungent.

Mouthfeel: Creamy but a touch thin.

Drinkability: Smooth and easy going down.

Serving type: nitro-tap

05-10-2010 15:45:00 | More by koopa
Photo of CrazyDavros
CrazyDavros

Australia

3.8/5  rDev -9.7%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Pours pitch black with a large, persistent, dark tan head.
Nose is not as complex as I expected, showing mostly charred wood (almost oaky) first up. Later on notes of milk chocolate and very subtle hints of vanilla are noticeable.
Chocolate is much more noticeable as a flavour, very creamy. Charred oak still present along with the subtle vanilla.
Good rich body, quite creamy. Carbonation is too high.

Serving type: bottle

05-10-2010 01:26:06 | More by CrazyDavros
Photo of brewdlyhooked13
brewdlyhooked13

Ohio

4.65/5  rDev +10.5%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 5 | overall: 5

Appearance - a dark opaque pour. Some thin mocha heads formation. I expect it to disappear within a minute or two but it has excellent resilience. A few nice waves of lace as the beer level falls.

Aroma - notes of vanilla at first, then darkly roasted malt. Cocoa and coffee emerge with some setup time. At length, the vanilla comes back and a chocolate syrup smell dominates.

Taste - a good roasty malt opening. The grains are tasty, fresh, and robust. Notes of bittersweet chocolate and powdered cocoa. A very light bite on the swallow, the finish maintains good roastiness and cocoa presence. With warming, the coffee side comes out fairly strongly.

Mouthfeel - a good stout body, a pretty fluffy carbonation. Very smooth texture.

Drinkability - lots of flavor to explore and enjoy. One to savor.

Serving type: bottle

05-08-2010 05:42:19 | More by brewdlyhooked13
Photo of Thorpe429
Thorpe429

Illinois

3.25/5  rDev -22.8%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 4 | overall: 3

A: Pours a deep black with a fairly-nice brown head.

S: A little bit of chocolate, but mostly overcome by a faint smell of fake vanilla.

T: Roasted malt and chocolate, but even more so than the nose, this one was just dominated by a vanilla extract type flavor. Didn't taste at all like other beers with vanilla-bean aging.

M: Good and creamy. Low carbonation.

D: Too fake to be that great. I was really excited to try this and it was quite the letdown.

Serving type: bottle

05-07-2010 20:54:15 | More by Thorpe429
Photo of JohnQVegas
JohnQVegas

Tennessee

4.05/5  rDev -3.8%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.5

Bottle into pint glass, grabbed at Bruisin' Ales while passing through.

Pours black, fading into dark ruby brown at the edges, almost a tobacco sunburst effect. Thin tan head on top after an aggressive pour at cold temperatures into a somewhat wet glass fades instantly.

Nose is pure mocha - round coffee coupled to an equal amount of dark chocolate, lots of lactic sweetness, with just a bit of burnt caramel or toffee sweetness underneath.

Taste is heavy on the mocha - big-time bitter chocolate presence pairs with a bit of burnt coffee, more burnt sugar, overtones of vanilla around mid palate exploding to add another layer. Lingering coarse, burnt roastiness sits on the finish alongside an almost milky sweetness; this one is one of the most up-front flavored stouts I can remember having. Only ones that really top it in terms of how prominent the flavoring is are a couple of the Southern Tier selections (Choklat, Creme Brulee). A very unique experience, and tasty.

Mouthfeel is medium bodied, a bit thinner than expected, with a fairly sharp carbonation, and lots of roasty bitterness lingering on the finish.

Drinkability is decent, but this is an intensely flavored stout, and just a bit rough around the edges at that. Despite its relatively moderate ABV, the amount of flavor in this one sits at a rather intense level, and it can take some effort to process it all. This a slow sipper, no doubt.

Serving type: bottle

05-05-2010 00:51:03 | More by JohnQVegas
Photo of ToasterChef
ToasterChef

Maine

4.25/5  rDev +1%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Reviewed from my notes. Served in a small goblet. The beer is very dark brown in color with a thick tan foam head. It left behind some lacing as it settled. I couldn't see through the beer, but there was carbonation visibly clinging to the sides of the glass. The aroma was made of milk chocolate and roasted coffee. When I sipped the beer, I immediately tasted creamy chocolate. Bitter mocha flavors moved in and lasted until I swallowed. Overall it was a little sweet and very tasty. It has a medium body a good amount of carbonation. There was some coating that tasted of both bitter and sweet chocolate. I found it to be rather drinkable. I wouldn't have a lot of this beer; it is definitely a sipping stout. The slight bitterness keeps it from being a beverage I would order consecutively. Still, it was very enjoyable.

Serving type: on-tap

05-03-2010 13:51:30 | More by ToasterChef
Photo of MbpBugeye
MbpBugeye

Ohio

4.15/5  rDev -1.4%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

A- Rich black in my Perfect Pint. There is a craggy khaki head with minimal retention but moderate lacing.

S- I was expecting cocoa and vanilla to be in the forefront but Im actually getting a whiff of hops at first. The rich cocoa is not far behind though. The cocoa melds seamlessly with creamy vanilla and coffee as well as roasted malts. The cocoa and vanilla become such a driving force that this barely smells like a beer at times.

T- Chocolate covered raisins, cocoa powder, bittersweet chocolate, french vanilla coffee. Hops are very faint but detectable. They are grassy and floral. Most of the bitterness comes from dry, bittersweet cocoa and roasted malts.

M- Very dry. I really love a dry beer and this is one of the driest. The mouthfeel is like there is actually undissolved cocoa powder in the beer.

Serving type: bottle

05-02-2010 21:08:38 | More by MbpBugeye
Photo of ADZA
ADZA

Australia

4.45/5  rDev +5.7%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Another brew from this brewery that ive heard good things about and am hanging to try,it pours a dark,dark cola hue with decent carbonation that leaves a two finger cappicino laced head and sticky lacing here and there,hmmm i love this smell i could smell it all day thats for sure its basically exactly what it says cocoa and vanilla with some mocha such a beautiful inviting aroma i love it,it has a pretty easy medium bodied mouthfeel which makes drinking more than one rather easy no matter what the weather and leaves tastes of cocoa,vanilla and mocha on the palette which finishes with a bittersweet coffee finish that is very moreish and leaves no hint of its 6.5%ABV,overall this a beautiful example of the style which for me is the best brew ive tasted from this brewery so far and obviously id buy this again and again.

Serving type: bottle

05-02-2010 07:39:40 | More by ADZA
Photo of dismal
dismal

Illinois

4.2/5  rDev -0.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Pours black with a good sized light tan head. The head slowly reduces but retains a good size for quite some time. Though the head looks nice has good retention it leaves little to no lacing. The smell has a good roasted malt aroma with coffee and chocolate present. Pretty strong smell, I knew from the smell alone I would like this beer. The taste is roasted malts up front and a nice lingering sweet chocolate. The coffee taste doesn't come for me until later and is strong in the aftertaste. There is a little vanilla but to me it's barely in the smell or taste but it is hidden there. The mouthfeel is great for the style, a little thick but creamy as well. The ABV on this one is good, it's not staggering and that's good with all these high ABV stouts these days. That being said I could drink this one all day. I'll pick it up again but not much of it as it's a bit pricey for a 12oz bottle but I'll pick a couple more up just to have when I want a good stout.

Serving type: bottle

04-24-2010 01:49:09 | More by dismal
Photo of Patrick999
Patrick999

Florida

4.28/5  rDev +1.7%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4.5

Poured into an imperial pint. Nice and dark, you could have fooled me into thinking it was Peche Mortel. Good foam but no lacing.

Definite cocoa in the aroma, along with the requisite roastiness. Smells nicely rich for a lower-ABV stout.

Taste is roasty and dry, with the cocoa and vanilla coming out more in the finish and aftertaste, I find. Bitterness is relatively high, coming from both the intense roast and earthy hops. It's nothing you've never tasted before, but it is very well done as is typical of Dieu de Ciel.

It could stand to be creamier in the feel, I think.

Excellent flavor, low-ish ABV and dryness makes for an easy drinker. Would have no problems putting away a couple by themselves or with a meal. Solid stout.

Serving type: bottle

04-23-2010 20:57:02 | More by Patrick999
Photo of dpodratsky3
dpodratsky3

North Carolina

4.3/5  rDev +2.1%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 5 | overall: 4.5

11.5 oz bottle poured into pint glass

A: Black with some slight brown hues, no light passes through, decent brown head, looks creamy and sticky

S: Nice dark roast, gives off that typical coffee aroma, has a nice chocolate sweetness too,a light vanilla presence, not overly so

T: Hits with both semi-bitter roast and melted chocolate at the same time, as the roast fades the chocolate mixes with that vanilla, some slight hops are felt, the flavors could be a little better integrated

M: Super smooth, semi-dry, medium body, but stays light for how dark the flavor is

D: Very high for a dark stout

Notes: This is a spectacular beer. The flavors are so delicious and the aroma is amazing. The only complaint is that since the flavors are so good and strong they need to be integrated better. However, it is just a minor thing.

Serving type: bottle

04-23-2010 03:35:54 | More by dpodratsky3
Photo of dqrull
dqrull

Sweden

3.68/5  rDev -12.6%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

Dark liquid with a creamy nicely tan head.

Smells of overwhelming cocoa, some vanilla, chocolate cake and light roasted notes.

Taste is bitter cocoa along with sweet faint vanilla and some light roasted cofee, not much more, yummy but pretty one-dimensional.

Light but creamy mouthfeel, really creamy carbonation.

Serving type: bottle

04-21-2010 20:42:56 | More by dqrull
Photo of KeefD
KeefD

Minnesota

3.68/5  rDev -12.6%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

Finally got a chance to try this one thanks to Zipp's having it in stock on a recent pop in. Pours a dark brown, nearly black color, small mocha head with light splatterings of lacing. Aroma has lighter vanilla than I was expecting, but its still there, maybe not in pure vanilla sense, but rather the manufactured (extract) kind. Not bad though. Also has some chocolate cake batter like qualities in the nose back up by a hint of coffee and roast. Very interesting. Taste leaves a little to be desired. A little too much fake vanilla flavor. It's not terrible but could be scaled back some. Bitter chocolate is also there backed up by a surprisingly decent hoppy bitterness that's earthy and somewhat spicy. I'm not really getting too much sweetness, and it's bone dry on the finish. Mouthfeel is medium-full, low carbonation. This is not a bad beer by any means, but it's not spectacular like I was hoping it would be. I don't know if it's just me but the vanilla just seemed to be a little much, and it wasn't even great tasting vanilla flavor. Glad I had the chance to try it, but I'm willing to bet I won't be having it again any time soon.

Serving type: bottle

04-20-2010 01:43:28 | More by KeefD
Photo of Bung
Bung

Michigan

4.35/5  rDev +3.3%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

12 oz. A "stout" black pour with a layered head that goes from brown to cream at the top. Very frothy on top.

Aroma has mostly chocolate and vanilla, some malt, cocoa and caramel.

Taste is loaded with dark chocolate, milk chocolate and vanilla. The dry finish of cocoa and just a hint of espresso keep it in check enough.

Almost creamy mouthfeel and medium bodied. A little chalkiness to it, but it helps with the sweetness.

Drinkability is very good, maybe more of a dessert beer, but I could drink many of these. Noalcohol.

Outstanding for a quote un-quote small stout. Big flavors in a smaller package. This is a top American style stout.

Serving type: bottle

04-18-2010 02:13:00 | More by Bung
Photo of feloniousmonk
feloniousmonk

Minnesota

4.28/5  rDev +1.7%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Brasserie Dieu du ciel Aphrodite

Cast in ebony shades, with a great helping of creamy brown head up on top.

Aroma: vanilla hits first, then the cocoa, a lovely mix.

Taste :Mmmm,now, here's a chocolate stout! Vanilla bean, cocoa beans, all add up to deliciousness. Might be a touch too much on the sweet side for some...(even even me)...it's a well-integrated, rounded, balanced mesh of flavors,though, and it really delivers. A little astringent at the back of the throat, though...Ends chalky and rough, then dry.

All in all, though, yum. I continue to be amazed by these guys.

Serving type: bottle

04-17-2010 09:21:55 | More by feloniousmonk
Photo of DawnL
DawnL

New York

3.13/5  rDev -25.7%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 4 | overall: 2.5

This poured a deep black with brown rim and small head that dissipated to lace. The beer was poured too cold.

Cocoa nibs and roasted coffee on the nose with a definite malt sweetness underneath.

The first sip was a complete - WOW!! moment. Cocoa and coffee with a nice bitter finish. It wasn't sweet like a dessert beer. It has real power behind it. Definitely has gobs of bitter chocolate flavor - very cocoa-like. Reminds me of drinking melted baker's chocolate, but in a good way.

After that initial WOW - the palate never changed. I didn't get any more characters from the beer and the brew started to become boring. I was hoping for an earthiness or a spice or something to kick in as the beer warmed - nothing.

I love the unctuous mouthfeel of this beer. I love a good, toothsome brew anyday!

Drinkability suffered because my lack of interest. If this were a tasting pour of 2oz - the review would have been stellar. But, this was a bottle- and it was difficult to drink the entirety.

I would purchase this beer again. I would want to have it with food. There is a recipe Three Ingredient Prime Rib Roast that this beer would marry quite well with: 1/3 cup finely ground coffee; 2 Tablespoons kosher salt; 1 tablespoon freshly ground pepper; 1/4 vanilla bean, split, seeds scraped; 1 12-pound, bone-in prime rib roast (5 bones)

Serving type: bottle

04-15-2010 17:32:34 | More by DawnL
Aphrodisiaque from Brasserie Dieu Du Ciel
94 out of 100 based on 1,077 ratings.