1. Don't miss our 7th annual American Craft Beer Fest featuring 640+ beers from 140+ brewers this May 30 & 31 in Boston, MA! Buy your tickets now!
  2. BeerAdvocate on your phone?! True story. Try the beta now.

Shipyard Smashed Blueberry (Pugsley's Signature Series) - Shipyard Brewing Co.

Shipyard Smashed Blueberry (Pugsley's Signature Series)Shipyard Smashed Blueberry (Pugsley's Signature Series)

Displayed for educational use only; do not reuse.
BA SCORE
87
very good

408 Ratings
THE BROS
-
no score

(send 'em beer!)
Ratings: 408
Reviews: 159
rAvg: 3.88
pDev: 15.98%


Brewed by:
Shipyard Brewing Co. visit their website
Maine, United States

Style | ABV
Fruit / Vegetable Beer |  9.00% ABV

Availability: Rotating

Notes/Commercial Description:
No notes at this time.

(Beer added by: Jason on 05-11-2011)
View: Beers (41) |  Events
Beer: Ratings & Reviews
Sort by:  Latest | High | Low | Top Reviewers
Ratings: 408 | Reviews: 159 | Show All Ratings:
Photo of RickS95
RickS95

Indiana

4.63/5  rDev +19.3%
look: 5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

By far the best looking fruit beer I've seen. I'm a fan of porters and stouts, and this is pitch black, with a moderate light tan head full of bubbles of all sized. Somewhat lacking in retention, when all is said and done there is a creamy film around the edges.

Smell is mostly of chocolate and dark roasted malts, some coffee to the side and the faintest hint of blueberry in the background. As it warms, vanilla seems to be involved as well.

Like in the smell, the blueberry is present, but not the major player, taking a secondary role instead. This is mostly a stout with it's chocolate/coffee/roasted flavors and the fruit playing a supporting role.

Very creamy, almost thick, fullish bodied. Sweet and coffee bitter at the same time.

Overall, this is as good a beer as I've had in a long time. It is a fruit beer, but I'd categorize it as a fruit stout. Despite the alcohol, it's well hidden and extremely easy to drink. Exceptional beer.

Serving type: bottle

06-02-2012 03:37:14 | More by RickS95
Photo of jtierney89
jtierney89

New Jersey

3/5  rDev -22.7%
look: 3 | smell: 3 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3

Deep brown color with crimson hues around the edges. Thin burnt sugar colored head. Smells, well, like blueberries. Subtle hints of sloe gin, currants, and anisette. Touch of coffee and sweet chocolate as well.

Flavor is extremely strange. Starts on the tip of the tongue almost like grape soda. Big belgian like body rolls across the tongue flashing sweeter flavors such as blueberries and currants. The flavor cuts out immediately on the back end of the tongue though to bitter black coffee and chocolate creating huge contrasting flavors.

While the nose smelt amazing. I didn't get enough of the blueberry in the beer. Along with this, the start and finish were two totally different monsters, and i mean tongue slapping monsters. From berry fruitiness to coffee bitterness and a faint hint of alcohol. The beer is unique and far more than quaff-able but it's just trying to stretch what flavors go together a bit too much.

Serving type: bottle

05-31-2012 02:16:39 | More by jtierney89
Photo of Sunnanek
Sunnanek

Sweden

4.68/5  rDev +20.6%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

A: Pours pitch black with a small tan airy head. Faint lacings.

S: Rich blueberry. Roasted dark malts, semi-sweet. Bitter hops.

T: Blueberries, rich oh how rich. Chocolate and coffee. Faint vanilla. Sweetness. Liqourice. Loaded with blueberries.

M: Aftertaste is long and bitter, also rich in blueberries. Body is full while carbonation is low.

O: This is a crazy, fantastic beer.

Serving type: bottle

05-22-2012 15:12:12 | More by Sunnanek
Photo of MatthewWilde
MatthewWilde

Massachusetts

3.95/5  rDev +1.8%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

Sample: 1 bottle 2011

A: Very deep red, moderate internal carbonation, not hazy, pours a short medium-brown head

S: Quite a complex nose, strong blueberry aroma, of course, mixed with traces of cocoa, vanilla, cinnamon, finishes with a bit of alcohol

T: Akin to the nose, complex, light blueberry, espresso, cocoa and vanilla, some citrus to finish, hardly any alcohol taste

M: Smooth and drinkable, light citrus/espresso (interesting) aftertaste, only slightly drying on the palate

O: Complex, unique, smooth, and delicious, but that being said, not perfect in execution

Serving type: bottle

05-13-2012 00:08:52 | More by MatthewWilde
Photo of jsanford
jsanford

Georgia

3.23/5  rDev -16.8%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3 | taste: 3 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

A - Pours black with brown highlights and a thin khaki head that settles to a slight haze.
S - Big blueberry aromas - similar to a blueberry muffin, actually. A touch of sweet, lightly roasted malt provides a sturdy backbone, but make no mistake, the blueberry is the star here. Fairly authentic as far as blueberry goes, but still not my favorite thing to put in beer.
T - Dark roasted malt, very bitter dark chocolate, and a lot of blueberry. Basically imagine a dark chocolate bar studded with dried blueberries and you have this beer.
M - Smooth and creamy, with a medium-full body and decent carbonation.
O - Not bad considering all this has going against it (it's got blueberries in it AND it's made by Shipyard). Still not my favorite application of blueberry to beer, but I was at least able to drink it.

Serving type: bottle

04-12-2012 14:50:59 | More by jsanford
Photo of Chaney
Chaney

District of Columbia

4/5  rDev +3.1%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Presently, this is ranked #16 in the Fruit/Vegetable category here on BA. Not bad....

Served in a Cigar City snifter.

A: This sucker poured out VERY dark. I guess that's blue.... hmmm... more like black. The color of the liquid that poured out of the bottle was more of a dark maroon with blue highlights. Not really much of a head at all.

S: As I was typing the appearance portion of this review, I smelled blueberries the entire time, even though the glass was about 2-3 feet away! When I stuck my nose down into the glass a bit more, I got a bit of booze, but nothing offensive at all.

T: After reading the marketing speak on this one, I guess this was supposed to be a hybrid between a porter and scottish ale. Yeah, I guess I can see that. Of course, there were blueberries... and their presence sort of reminded me of steeped "Boo Berry" breakfast cereal. This is a dark beer, so this was also very malt heavy. After a while, I didn't really notice the booze and really started to enjoy this.

M: This wasn't overly sweet or syrupy in any way and had the mouthfeel of a solid porter, minus the smoky finish. No lacing was left on the glass whatsoever.

O: This is only the second beer in the "Pugsley" series that I've tried. I didn't like the pumpkin, but this one was quite nice.

Serving type: bottle

03-13-2012 23:36:24 | More by Chaney
Photo of rdilauro
rdilauro

Connecticut

3.85/5  rDev -0.8%
look: 3.75 | smell: 4.25 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 3.75

Poured like a dark chocolate porter. Big creamy white head that didnt stop..
But THEN....
Even a few feet away from the glass, I could pick up the blueberry aromas. It was like being in a bakery where blueberry muffins, blueberry pancakes where just coming hot of the griddle.

I was ready to dive into a breakfast.

The taste was not as great as the aromas. It was very full and soft, like a round Porter.. No distinct hops or yeast or even barley.
It was just big and full.

The end was about as full. Normally, I always like a brew that starts and ends the same. Cant say it for this one. Only because I wasnt over excited about the start

As the beer goes down the glass, that amazing blueberry aroma starts to dwindle. I just wanted to refill the glass to get that aroma back.

Right now, I am just trying to figure, what would I pair this beer up in terms of food???? I think I will go back a bit and say, Blueberry pancakes, lots of melted butter and warm maple syrup....

Serving type: bottle

03-13-2012 00:26:51 | More by rdilauro
Photo of Immortale25
Immortale25

North Carolina

4.38/5  rDev +12.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.25

Poured into a Green Flash Brewing cask-style glass. No readable freshness date.

A- Pours a 99% opaque black color with a 1/4 inch head that retains all right before becoming a thin ring around the edge of the glass and an elliptic circle of surface foam. Average lacing.

S- Fresh, sweet blueberry with a dash of roasty malt peeking out ever-so-slightly.

T- The stout side of the beer comes through more in the flavor but the blueberry is still there and going strong. A faint coffee taste plus some caramel and butter. Alcohol is hidden wonderfully.

M- Quite thick but not extremely viscous. A little syrupy. Medium-low carbonation.

O- Just as good in Florida as it was when I had it in Maine last summer. Most blueberry beers either have too much or too little blueberry taste and tend to tip the scales on balance and drinkability but this one stays steady and manageable.

Serving type: bottle

03-07-2012 05:01:44 | More by Immortale25
Photo of MissMoxie911
MissMoxie911

Delaware

4.25/5  rDev +9.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

A: dark brown almost black; off-white head that lingers; decent lacing

S: smells exactly like blueberries from muffin mix mixed with coffee and dark chocolate maltiness

T: dark chocolate prevails with slight roasted coffee and a nice blueberry finish. No hops detected and I like it that way.

O: Pleasant. Bought it twice now at $8.99 a bottle. Would buy again. Worth a try!

Serving type: bottle

03-04-2012 03:45:21 | More by MissMoxie911
Photo of Vec2267
Vec2267

Florida

3.33/5  rDev -14.2%
look: 4 | smell: 3 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3

A - black with a small tan head that retains well - impressive for the ABV

S - sweet, fructose pancake syrup (the fake stuff - not good maple syrup), some alcohol

T - fruit, booze, some chocolate and coffee at first but the big fruity aftertaste dominates as the bottle goes down

M - medium body

O - a dysfunctional marriage

This is an easy drinking dessert beer, sugary blueberry pie and coffee in a bottle. Nothing bad or offensive, but nothing that makes me want another bottle.

Serving type: bottle

02-26-2012 00:22:32 | More by Vec2267
Photo of Reagan1984
Reagan1984

Massachusetts

3/5  rDev -22.7%
look: 3 | smell: 3 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3

Dull foamy tan head. Looks a bit like a barley wine with some ruby tones but it could be purple. Very dark in color. A tiny bit of sudsy lace.

Aroma at first was nice and definitely blueberry. Once in the glass it’s so much thicker and not nearly as pleasing. Almost a vinaigrette hint to it. (Turns out that flavor is not sour or vinegar like at all)

Man, I want to like this. I love blueberry and there have been several blueberry beers I’ve loved. But this just doesn’t work for me. Lots of burnt/charred malt flavors which take center stage and eventually give way to a subtle but present blueberry flavor. The two don’t really match in my estimation. The aftertaste is nice, but with the next sip comes that ash blast. A little sweetness up front might do some magic here.

Dry on the tongue, medium bodied.

I wish I liked it more.

Serving type: bottle

02-25-2012 22:12:11 | More by Reagan1984
Photo of zaphodchak
zaphodchak

Virginia

4.13/5  rDev +6.4%
look: 3 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

Not a lot of head or lace here, body is a darkish brown, but not opaque.

Smells like a blueberry muffin with some alcohol ester.

Taste is actually really balanced-- sort of bitter dark chocolate and blueberry skins-- the bitterness is coming from hops, somewhat. Some bran on the finish. I don't really get any coffee though.

Mouthfeel is pretty standard.

Pretty neat-- quite balanced for what it is, and that's worth note.

Serving type: bottle

02-25-2012 01:38:57 | More by zaphodchak
Photo of VtBeerRun
VtBeerRun

Vermont

3.15/5  rDev -18.8%
look: 3 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3

There is nothing wrong with this beer, just not what I was hopping for. If I get a blueberry beer I want it to be a good taste of blueberry. This just didn't do it for me. I'd rather take a quality pale ale and put fresh blue berries in it. Shipyard has some good beers, and this didn't taste bad, just didn't reach my expectations.

Cheers,
Dave

Serving type: bottle

01-22-2012 22:00:28 | More by VtBeerRun
Photo of yesyouam
yesyouam

New York

3.93/5  rDev +1.3%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 3

Shipyard Smashed Blueberry is a solid dark brown ale with an espresso colored head that leaves very nice lacing on the glass. It has a strong aroma of fresh blueberries. It fills the room. It's full bodied, smooth and soft. It leaves the tongue like a smooth paste. The blueberry is detected right at the beginning of the sip, then a bitter resiny flavor takes over and hits with the intensity of whiskey. There's a long, bitter aftertaste of juniper and black pepper. Wow, this is maybe a little too intense for me. It's strong and it tastes even stronger than the ABV would indicate. 22 oz. feels like a commitment. This is the opposite of refreshing, but it works fine on a cold winter night.

Serving type: bottle

01-17-2012 18:43:56 | More by yesyouam
Photo of AgentZero
AgentZero

Illinois

2.95/5  rDev -24%
look: 3 | smell: 2.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3

A - Dark brown beer, almost black in lower light. Tan head that faded to a bit of a ring and left some lace on the sides.

S - Smells like those fake blueberries that are in those cheap muffin mixes you buy. smells like blueberries, but then you realize there's something off and artificial about it.

T - Tastes like blueberry mix thrown into some milk. Some malts, that's about it.

M - Mouthfeel is like that of slightly carbonated milk. Heavier side of medium bodied with low carbonation.

O - Pretty average beer. A lot of other people hated it more than I do, but I didn't think it was horrible. Can't drink much and wouldn't ever seek it out, but I've had worse.

Serving type: bottle

01-17-2012 02:16:50 | More by AgentZero
Photo of Sean9689
Sean9689

Illinois

2.8/5  rDev -27.8%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 2.5 | feel: 3 | overall: 2.5

Bottle at our good beer/bad beer tasting. Poured into Bell's tulip.

A - Pours a darker brown/amber color, off-white head, thin collar.

S - Roasted malts, blueberry, marker. The blueberry notes really come though and remind me of blueberry muffins, with the roasted sweet malty notes.

T - Tastes like blueberry cough syrup and has an awful harsh medicinal finish. Hints of beer in there, some malty notes, but otherwise, just a nasty blueberry medicinal note.

M - Medium, light carbonation, alcohol is hidden well for 9%.

O - I would definitely drink this again if it was able to cure the common cold and/or help my cough, but as a beer, I'm going to pass. The other bright spot was the medicinal note hid the alcohol pretty well.

Lightly roasted malt notes that are a bit smoky with pleasant blueberry notes shining through nicely. Pours dark chesnut amber with an off white head. The flavor has almost no notes of the blueberry, a tad at the beginning come in nicely, then more of a light barleywine base with some sweet malts and a bit of the roasted porter flavor.

Serving type: bottle

01-09-2012 16:43:32 | More by Sean9689
Photo of MasterSki
MasterSki

Illinois

3.05/5  rDev -21.4%
look: 4 | smell: 2.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 4 | overall: 3

Not sure who shared this one - Sean? Served in a Captain Lawrence tulip.

A - A half-finger of tan foam settles to a wispy partial cap, thin collar, and a few splotches of lace. Brown body with some reddish glints to it.

S - Smells like a combination of blueberry cough syrup and waxy Christmas chocolate. There's a faint vomit and alcohol note in the periphery.

T - Taste is a bit better as the off-flavors disappear, leaving behind the blueberry pie, and low-quality milk chocolate. Alcohol is better hidden here, but this is surprisingly bland for a 9% beer.

M - Medium-full body, lower carbonation, chewy and sticky texture, and light warming alcohol.

D - Fairly easy to drink for the high alcohol content, but too sweet for large quantities. The aroma is also slightly off-putting at this stage. Perhaps this was better in the summer, but at this point it's not something I'd want to drink again.

Serving type: bottle

01-08-2012 17:22:46 | More by MasterSki
Photo of Thorpe429
Thorpe429

Illinois

3.15/5  rDev -18.8%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3

Pours a very dark brown color with a thin off-white head and just a spot or two of lacing. The nose carries some pretty heavy blueberry character. A light bit of roast and chocolate behind. Flavor is predominantly blueberry and is fairly one-dimensional. Not much other than blueberries. Touch of malt in the background. Medium body. Decent, but mostly just another fruit beer.

Serving type: bottle

01-07-2012 18:37:10 | More by Thorpe429
Photo of laituegonflable
laituegonflable

Australia

3.33/5  rDev -14.2%
look: 4 | smell: 2.5 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.5

Very dark brown with colour up to the light. Head is good at first when poured, settles out to a thin crown. Beige colour, lace is alright. Looks good.

Smells mediciney. Phenolic, cherry notes, lots of vanilla sweetness. Pongy and a bit overpowering. Fruity and sickly sweet. Yeah, can't say I'm a fan.

Taste is similar, with that sickly sweet fruit flavour and a touch of coconut, but balances it out a bit better. Hint of glacé cherries, over thick roasty stouty notes. Very coconut and vanilla and very sweet. Bit too much; needs more roast to ground it. Otherwise not too bad, quite dry on the back that mellows out the sweet, medicinal front a bit.

Dry and boozey, with a hot alcohol note on the front. Otherwise quite smooth and good.

Wish I liked this more, but there's just too much residual sugar and it just tastes a bit flakey.

Serving type: bottle

01-02-2012 07:02:20 | More by laituegonflable
Photo of SolarMikey
SolarMikey

Michigan

3.65/5  rDev -5.9%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.5

This brew is very dark brown, with a strong aroma of not just blueberry, but blueberry muffin. Its taste has a porter-like darkness to it with chocolate notes, and the blueberry flavor is connected to the medium carbonation of the beer (those sensations go hand-in-hand during the experience). The dominant quality is fruity and tangy, though the finish is dry and just a bit hoppy. Mouthfeel is light, making this boldly-flavored beer surprisingly drinkable!

I recommend this beer primarily because it's different from any fruit beer I've ever tried, though the flavor is a lot darker than I usually prefer for berry-based fruit beers (hence the blueberry muffin quality as opposed to a more refreshing straight-up blueberry). Some good work by Shipyard, overall!

Serving type: bottle

12-27-2011 03:08:40 | More by SolarMikey
Photo of soulfly1492
soulfly1492

Pennsylvania

4.2/5  rDev +8.2%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

Aroma: Takes one quick sniff to realize that this is going to be good. Bold, sweet blueberries, chocolate, raisins, mild bitterness, a light layer of crisp hops. Some alcohol finally detected through quick short sniffs.

Appearance: Pitch black, even when held up to a bright light. Pours a tall light brown head. The head is very thick and fluffy. Lots of lacing.

Flavor: Very pleasant blueberries, chocolate, coffee, mild anise, mild hop bitterness at the end. A bit of that complex bitter taste associated with scotch. Some alcohol shows up after the sweetness, about the same time as the bitterness shows up.

Mouthfeel: Medium to full bodied. Very heavy, but the carbonation thins it out a bit, giving it a choppy, chunky feel. Some warming from the alcohol.

Overall: Bold and smooth. Very drinkable considering the bold and complex flavor. The blueberry is refreshing at first, but goes into the background as the other flavors take over the palate. One of the smoother experimental brews I've had.

Note: 22 oz. bottle

Serving type: bottle

12-09-2011 02:03:34 | More by soulfly1492
Photo of Stinkypuss
Stinkypuss

Pennsylvania

3.23/5  rDev -16.8%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3

Shipyard Smashed Blueberry

Pours a dark amber brown, bordering black with a short livid off white head. Aroma is full of fresh blueberry with a little roasted malt in the background. In the taste, blueberry, roasted malt, alcohol and cooked vegetable with porter like notes. Aftertaste is mildly harsh. Flavors are unoffensive for the most part, and this is the strongest blueberry beer on the market according to ABV. Decent brew, big time blueberry flavor.

Serving type: bottle

12-02-2011 04:59:56 | More by Stinkypuss
Photo of CheezyBlaster
CheezyBlaster

Massachusetts

2.95/5  rDev -24%
look: 4 | smell: 3 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 2.5

This beer is a no-go for me. I've defended Shipyard in the past. However, through the mediocre fuggles IPA and awful, awful beers like that Pumpkinhead rubbish everyone buys, Shipyard isn't what it used to be . . . or my memory is cloudy. I notice that BA tends to like this one, but I cannot agree.

Nose: Blueberry with a hint of blueberry. Dark roasted malts dipped in blueberry flavored syrup. Can't get past it.

Dark roasted malts take shape as coffee and some dark chocolate/cocoa, but really blueberry-atized -like that sickening blueberry compote they put on pancakes in shitty diners. Booze on the finish. Some unwelcome diacetyl. The blueberry is really sickening after a point. I enjoyed their cider-like brew with smashed pumpkin, but this stuff is not my fave by a long shot. Pass!

Serving type: bottle

11-29-2011 22:10:50 | More by CheezyBlaster
Photo of lacqueredmouse
lacqueredmouse

Australia

4.6/5  rDev +18.6%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

Purchased from Healthy Spirits in San Francisco. Brought back to Sydney and shared with @tobeerornottobe and @LaitueGonflable.

Pours a deep but clear brown-black colour, with a moderate, but pretty filmy head of mocha to beige brown. Lacing is patchy and dotted. Body is pleasantly fluid and light, but holds masses of really nice tiny carbonation. Not bad at all.

Nose is genuinely wonderful. Big fresh blueberry notes, jumping off a roasty sweet basis. Slight acidity coming through, but it's subtle. The sweetness from the blueberries is extraordinary. It makes a really lovely aroma for the beer, and it works so well in the style.

I was afraid the blueberry character would be lost in the palate, but it's here and is strong, giving a freshness and sweetness and that classic blueberry acidity. But this is tempered and complemented wonderfully by the roasted grains, which sit underneath giving a subtle chocolate character and some bitterness to clean out the finish. It's a sophisticated palate, with fruit providing a twist and a starting point, but the beer itself providing the depth and complexity.

Absolutely lovely beer. Really well balanced, and genuinely, uncompromisingly interesting. The blueberries provide a really unusual and genuinely pleasant character, that (what's more) works really nicely in the basis of the beer itself.

Love it.

Serving type: bottle

11-26-2011 07:55:47 | More by lacqueredmouse
Photo of TheManiacalOne
TheManiacalOne

Rhode Island

3.95/5  rDev +1.8%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

Poured from a 22oz bottle into a mug glass.

A: The beer is a deep dark brown color, with a thin light brown head that fades slowly and leaves a thin on the glass.

S: The aroma contains blueberries, roasted malts, coffee, vanilla and a touch of hops.

T: The taste starts out a little smoky with a hearty malt character up front that is quickly followed bursts of several different flavors such as coffee, chocolate, blueberries, vanilla and bourbon. There’s a little bit of an alcohol sting that comes in. The hops presence is mild but complementary and brings a decent balance. I thought the blueberry flavor would be much stronger, but although isn’t subtle, it’s a bit subdued and works nicely for this beer. The after-taste is slightly sweet.

M: Crisp and smooth, medium body, medium carbonation, finish is slightly sticky.

D: Flavorful, goes down easily, not too filling, strong kick, the label claims that this beer is a “hybrid between a Porter and a Scotch Ale” which is pretty accurate. It’s a solid beer to drink for a while when you’re looking for something a little different.

Serving type: bottle

11-26-2011 00:19:12 | More by TheManiacalOne
Shipyard Smashed Blueberry (Pugsley's Signature Series) from Shipyard Brewing Co.
87 out of 100 based on 408 ratings.