1. BeerAdvocate on your phone?! True story. Try the beta now.

Old 21 Imperial IPA - The Brew Kettle Taproom & Smokehouse / Production Works

Old 21 Imperial IPAOld 21 Imperial IPA

Displayed for educational use only; do not reuse.
BA SCORE
87
very good

290 Ratings
THE BROS
-
no score

(send 'em beer!)
Ratings: 290
Reviews: 129
rAvg: 3.87
pDev: 12.14%


Brewed by:
The Brew Kettle Taproom & Smokehouse / Production Works visit their website
Ohio, United States

Style | ABV
American Double / Imperial IPA |  9.50% ABV

Availability: Year-round

Notes/Commercial Description:
No notes at this time.

(Beer added by: aracauna on 06-06-2004)
Beer: Ratings & Reviews
Sort by:  Latest | High | Low | Top Reviewers
Ratings: 290 | Reviews: 129 | Show All Ratings:
Photo of dgugliuzza
dgugliuzza

Illinois

4.22/5  rDev +9%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Big thanks to pimpmyporter for this extra...Poured from a 22 oz. bomber into a tulip.

A- Pours a beautiful orangy amber with bubbly tan head. Intense carbonation shooting from the bottom of the glass. Sticky lacing is rampant.

S- Smells of sweet piney hops. Loads of honey and fresh grapefruit. Fruity esters resonate in the nostrils. Very fresh and inviting.

T- Bitter hops up front followed by a slightly sweet honey finish. Lots of fresh grapefruit. Nice malt balance so that the hops do not overpower the palate.

M- Medium-bodied and insanely smooth. Not overly carbonated.

D- Awesome for an imperial ipa. So smooth and balanced. The 9% abv is a non factor. One of the more surprisingly great ipa's iv'e tried

Serving type: bottle

02-24-2011 03:17:42 | More by dgugliuzza
Photo of Tucquan
Tucquan

Pennsylvania

4.22/5  rDev +9%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Had this on 2011-10-10 in Columbia, PA

A - Clear golden-orange with a 1.5-finger off-white head and excellent lacing.

S - Tropical fruit, hop floral, sweet and pleasant. Smells like a better batch of Simcoe hops than when I had it on-tap.

T - Strong pineapple, mango, hop oils, pine, citrus, biscuit malt. Clinging aftertaste features fruit sweetness and significant bitterness. Just a little sweeter than I like but not cloying by any means.

M - Light-medium body and carbonation. Resinous and prickly.

O - This is one tasty double IPA. I like it a lot.

Serving type: bottle

10-10-2011 21:51:43 | More by Tucquan
Photo of wvsabbath
wvsabbath

West Virginia

4.22/5  rDev +9%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Serving Type - 22oz bottle

Appearance - Golden tan/yellow, monster 3+ inch head and alot of lacing.

Smell - Piney hops, grapefruit, light malts, lemon, orange, a little bread and floral. Not overly strong aromoa.

Taste - Its a dipa so, huge pineapple/grapefruit citrus hop kick at first swig. Orange and lemon make up most of the floral fruit flavor. Malts are present but are masked a little behind the hops, which they should be!. Some alcohol infact does come out in the swallow. Has a spice kick to it also. Very complex actually and balanced also.

Mouthfeel - Big, strong, hoppy!. Whole mouth gets coated with hops. Tounge gets bittered from the hops, then warmed from the alcohol. palette gets hops and alot of sweetness from the hops and added sugars. Aftertaste is thick, piney, resin coated tounge and alcohol warmed.

Overall - Very well done beer, I paid 4.99$ for this 22oz'er and that alone makes it untouchable. But, give the fact its really tastly and well done, its a must try from a killer brewery! The alcohol comes out a little bit much, and thats the only negitive about this beer for me.

Serving type: bottle

01-19-2012 04:32:55 | More by wvsabbath
Photo of BB1313
BB1313

Ohio

4.24/5  rDev +9.6%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.25 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 4.25

I've had this one before a few times. 12oz bottle poured into a snifter. Pours a clean transparent golden with a slight haze, eggshell white head fades, decent lacing and nice retention, nice looking beer. This one has some pretty dank aromas; Simcoe hops clearly dominate. Very tropical with lots of peach, mango, and pineapple. More tropical fruits in the flavors. Bitter, but there's a decent sweetness. Malt is there, but doesn't dominate at all and lets the hops shine. Juicy. I feel it could possibly use a touch of carbonation although it's there; somewhat flat and syrupy/resiny, but it actually makes for a smooth drink, I can dig it. Alcohol goes unnoticed, easy drinking and leaves you wanting more. Great DIPA..

If you experience this one fresh, it's extremely impressive. I'm really glad to see this one in 4pks now. This is a pineapple bomb, dank stuff!

Serving type: bottle

03-24-2012 00:31:26 | More by BB1313
Photo of beerphan
beerphan

Pennsylvania

4.25/5  rDev +9.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

22oz bottle -> sa taster glass
Different bottle than the one pictured, not sure what 'ringneck means' cause my bottle doesn't mention it and i'm a tad to lazy to look it up
no date

Pours a clear yellowed orange with a nice thick cream head that leaves thick cliffs of lace. The rings of lace continue all the way down the glass. The carbonation is persistent as well as abundant. Nice looking brew from start to finish.

Nose: Thought i found some bubble gum initially. Citrus hops dominate early and sweet caramel malts take over.

Full bodied and bold. Starts of with some sweet caramel malts along with some bready tones, but quickly delves into a hop bomb. Citric hop flavors touch on pineapple and orange and is that some mango back there? The fruits give way to a raging bitterness. The sweet hops hit just the right spot, and the 90 IBU's feel like an understatement.

A great double IPA, glad to find a new one. Also, a fairer than most price at 5.99 for a single bomber @ Vinatage, in Boardman. Drink this man.

Serving type: bottle

06-09-2010 01:19:23 | More by beerphan
Photo of SykDoc
SykDoc

Wisconsin

4.25/5  rDev +9.8%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Got this courtesy of in person trade at DLD and stored, but cannot remember person's name. Much thank and looking forward to future trades.

Poured from a bomber into a pint glass. It pours a clear straw/copper mix forming a 1/4 inch off-white head that remains spotty throughout. Carbonation is readily visible and no sediment.

The aroma is a nice combination of caramel malty sweetness mixed with a healthy dose of citrus fruit and piney hops components.

The taste is again a blend of caramel malt sweetness combined with a more up front citrus hops with a finish of pine, which is very good.

The mouthfeel is medium bodied with a solid carbonation that levels the playing field of the hops. A strong pine dryness lingers with some alcohol and bitter notes.

Overall, this beer is easy to drink. The appearance is the weakest point but everything else is solid. A good option if you can get your hands on it and like hops.

Serving type: bottle

10-08-2010 01:17:39 | More by SykDoc
Photo of antlerwrestler19
antlerwrestler19

Nebraska

4.25/5  rDev +9.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

An extra in a trade with Brandie, thanks for another outstanding beer!

Pours golden amber with a creamy white one finger head that hangs around but once I start sipping it leaves behind excellent weblike lacing with some neat patterns on the glass. Smell is sweet and tangy like mango and grapefruit but then a mixture of bitter resinous hops and caramel malt shine through. The flavor is a complex concoction of sweet and bitter hops up front followed by a major takeover of bitter oily hops and sweet caramel malt - delicious. The mouthfeel is medium bodied and smooth drinking for a 9.5% brew - dangerously drinkable with only the slightest sting of the alcohol. This beer is a definite hopbomb - a big complex hoppy beer that any hophead would love.

Enjoy!!

Serving type: bottle

10-04-2011 03:27:35 | More by antlerwrestler19
Photo of Wildman
Wildman

Ohio

4.28/5  rDev +10.6%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

on tap at Bodega:

This beer poured a clear medium amber color with a small amount of carbonation. If formed a foamy off white head that coated the glass with lace as it subsided. An aroma of hops, citrus and pine. The flavor was of hops, citrus, pine and a hint of caramel. It had a medium body and an astringent finish. A pretty good beer.

Serving type: on-tap

09-29-2009 03:14:18 | More by Wildman
Photo of Bonis
Bonis

Ohio

4.3/5  rDev +11.1%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

A - A nice deep orange, almost clear as water. Not much head, a little lace. Least impressive aspect of this beer, IMO.

S - Very nice. Intense aroma of pineapple with hints of mango and other tropical fruits. A nice mesh of citrus and pine hops, not surprising as this is brewed with Simcoe. A touch of caramel malt makes it's way in the aroma occasionally, but the hops are big here.

T - Follows the smell. Thick and sweet, bitter and hoppy. This is a pretty bitter beer, but not too much for me. Seemed to be nicely balanced with a healthy dose of malts adding to the sweetness in this one. A banging bitterness lingers in the mouth, but not overwhelming... Almost spot on.

M - Sticky and bitter alcohol, but crisp and smooth like an IPA.

D - Drinks good for an IIPA, wouldn't want more than a pint of this in a night, however.

Serving type: bottle

09-08-2010 03:46:04 | More by Bonis
Photo of Jesse13713
Jesse13713

Ohio

4.3/5  rDev +11.1%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

On tap at Laundry 101 in Kent.

Appearance - A well-carbonated golden straw yellow.Slightly soapy lacing that hugs the glass well. Almost a sickly neon green color under certain light here.

Smell - Smells of fresh grass fields and hops. Slight citrus on the nose.

Taste - An excellent Imperial IPA. Very fresh and natural-tasting. the hopes are the perfect amount of sweet and bitterness. Wheat and grain linger throughout the otherwise citrusy taste.

Mouthfeel / Drinkability - Very drinkable for the percentage. Goes down smooth and refreshing, especially after a long day at work. The Brew Kettle really impresses with this one. Medium bodied, crisp and slightly tart. This is the best non-pumpkin beer I've had so far this fall. I definitely prefer the tap over the bottle, though.

Serving type: on-tap

09-08-2011 20:37:38 | More by Jesse13713
Photo of LiquidCucumber
LiquidCucumber

Ohio

4.33/5  rDev +11.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

22oz bomber shared with Bonis.

A - A crystal dark orange that's bordering on sienna.

S - Fruity, mango and pineapple come up front with some citrus and dank resin following.

T - Lots of that fruit and resin. Such a hop burst with only the Simcoe in the hop bill. There is a malty sweetness which balances this beer without making it overly syrupy.

M - Pleasantly coats the mouth with a tingling layer of bitterness that lingers for a while. Slick and clean.

D - I could kill a few of these, but then I'd be pretty drunk. Nice.

Serving type: bottle

09-08-2010 02:21:21 | More by LiquidCucumber
Photo of hippityhophead24
hippityhophead24

Tennessee

4.33/5  rDev +11.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Appearance: Color is a nice light orange color. Very pretty and clear. Small head, not much retention.

Smell: Malts brings a sweet aroma to the nose, followed by floral, almost per fumy smell. Yeast lets the subtle, clean aromas come out.

Taste: I am very fond of the taste. It has a great taste for a 9% I.P.A. Has a slight sweet taste, not too wet, not too dry. Nice bitterness with subtle floral notes. Very well balanced. The semcoe hops definitely pull through!

Mouth feel: Slightly smooth flavor, medium body. Has a little bite on the tongue. Not over carbonated, but not perfectly carbonated.

Overall: All together, this beer from a small brewery in Ohio, is great. It has all the things I look for in a smooth, good tasting I.P.A. Not too heavy or sweet for 9%. And not too boozy tasting.

Glasswear: Bomber poured into Pint Glass

Serving type: bottle

09-08-2011 03:34:25 | More by hippityhophead24
Photo of Clydesdale
Clydesdale

District of Columbia

4.35/5  rDev +12.4%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

A: Pours a mildly hazy orange-amber color, with fine bubbles cascading to the surface. The tall, orange-tinted head has a dense, foamy, frothy texture. Retention is excellent, and lacing is very attractive.

S: A mild backbone of malty sweetness, with biscuity and faint caramel notes. Hop aromas are fresh, juicy, and fragrant, with strong notes of citrus (orange/grapefruit) and less robust aromas of tropical fruit (passionfruit and pineapple). A somewhat resiny pine aroma is also available.

T: An appropriately straightforward malt presence here. Primarily biscuity, with some mild caramel sweetness, as expected for the style. Hop flavors are readily apparent, with tropical fruit, citrus zest, and a bit more pine resin than the nose initially suggested. Bitterness is firm but not out of control, and it slowly builds as the rest of the beer's flavor gradually fades. Perhaps a slight hint of alcohol, but it's well-hidden for 9% abv.

M: Medium-full body. Carbonation is medium. An oily, resiny initial hoppiness fades into a standard dry finish.

D: A very good imperial IPA from the Brew Kettle. There is a malt presence, although it deservedly takes a backseat to the hop bill, which is filled with citrusy/tropical flavors and a pithy, piney bitterness. This is nicely polished and rather smooth around the edges all things considered. It avoids some of the harshness and over the top-ness that many imperial IPAs struggle with. Definitely recommended if you can get ahold of it.

Serving type: bottle

12-31-2009 00:55:42 | More by Clydesdale
Photo of wingman14
wingman14

Ohio

4.35/5  rDev +12.4%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

My bottle graphics are different, and it only says the brew kettle, no ringneck, and it is only 9.0%.

Pours a golden light orange with very little white head with a vigorous pour that leaves lacing, a very crisp and clear beer, pretty phenomenal. The smell is hoppy, sweet, with grapefruit and other citrus notes. The sweet hoppy smell hits hard and is super inviting. The taste hits hoppy and sweet with the citrus notes coming through, followed with some slight bitter, and a smooth hop aftertaste. There is not much bitter going on, but plenty of hops. The bitter comes through as the beer warms. The mouthfeel is smooth, could have some more carbonation, but what it has is sufficient. This one is a great beer, very drinkable, the alcohol content is not very noticeable, could creep up on you.

Serving type: bottle

01-15-2010 01:22:18 | More by wingman14
Photo of kels
kels

Virginia

4.35/5  rDev +12.4%
look: 4.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 5

Glad to see these among the expanded distribution from Brew Kettle. Grabbed one when I was back home in Cincy.

Pours pretty clear, bright coppery-orange. Light carbonation rises throughout, feeding the thin, watery, extremely bubbly white head. Loads and loads of sticky white lace lines the glass, and spots of lace stick around tenaciously after the rest is gone.

Get a good punch of citrusy hops in the nose, with an undercurrent of crisp, dry grain and rubbing alcohol. The alcohol is a little too pungent.

Very flavorful and juicy-bitter IIPA. Great big sappy and citrusy hop presence is both earthy, even floral, and juicy in the taste, drying and clean in the finish. Malts are present, but don't interfere with the bitterness. The are crispy and dry and complement the overall taste and feel very well. Feel is pretty well carbonated, mouth-filling but light on the palate and refreshing.

Very good and highly drinkable Imperial IPA. Would definitely love to get these regularly where I live - dirt cheap and delicious.

Serving type: bottle

01-30-2010 20:17:41 | More by kels
Photo of palmdalethriller
palmdalethriller

California

4.43/5  rDev +14.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 5 | overall: 4

What a pleasant surprise! Had this beer in the middle of a very long road trip and wasn't expecting to have a first-rate DIPA in Ohio, but this was great.

The grassy and floral hop character is the dominant flavor, but it is nicely balanced with a rich, carmely malt backbone. I thoroughly enjoyed this beer.

Serving type: on-tap

08-03-2010 15:42:32 | More by palmdalethriller
Photo of Stinkypuss
Stinkypuss

Pennsylvania

4.43/5  rDev +14.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

LOOK: Bright golden color with a fine clarity. Small but well retaining froth leaves snake eye bubbles all around the top of the snifter. Leaves rings of lace on the glass.

SMELL: Pine, spruce, herbs, and all types lush forest aromas of hop. Pineapple juice, alcohol, and a huge malt body shine through with the suggestions of ale yeast.

TASTE: Hoppy pine notes upfront, along with grapefruit and fresh orange peel sharpness. Has a bite with a solid bitterness right there but then gives way to citrus and fruitcake notes. There are suggestions of tropical fruit as well, pineapple,mango and papaya. Sweet big pale malt backing and ale yeast fruitiness and big hops. Brewed in a West Coast fashion I might say.

FEEL: Surprisingly light on the palate, medium bodied with a good solid medium level of carbonation. A touch drying.

OVERALL: A very nice double IPA from a regional but very well respected brewery. After brewing the stellar White Raja, a world class IPA, this has significantly greater strength but is not less tasty.

Serving type: bottle

06-19-2012 23:37:46 | More by Stinkypuss
Photo of FtownThrowDown
FtownThrowDown

Ohio

4.47/5  rDev +15.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

Bottle purchased at the Root Cellar. Heard good things about this one from PWoods so I'm eager to try it.
Pours a crystal clear copper in color. A little shocking, not what I was expecting. There's a nice "soapy" head that forms on the pour.
Smell is beautiful simcoe hops. Very floral and citrusy. Just the way I love them.
Flavor is more of those wonderful simcoe hops. I can't tell you how much I love these hops. This beer nails the mouthfeel for me as well. Just a little "soapy" and light at the same time. No malts need to get in the way between me and my glorious simcoe hops.
Well done. I could drink an awful lot of this. Time for a road trip to drink this on tap at the source!

Serving type: bottle

12-25-2009 18:34:02 | More by FtownThrowDown
Photo of giblet
giblet

Ohio

4.47/5  rDev +15.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

wow! poured this beauty from a bomber into my 24 oz glass. light orange color with about one and a half inch of head. steady carbonation. the smell...that lovely smell of hops. this is an excellent hoppy beer that has a nice finish. the hops are strong but not too much to make it unbalanced. a perfect example of why i love beer!

my first from this brewer but certainly not my last!

suckem up and movem out.

giblet

Serving type: bottle

01-28-2010 16:20:21 | More by giblet
Photo of sitarist
sitarist

Ohio

4.47/5  rDev +15.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Pours a orange/copper color, with about a finger of white head, the head fades quickly to a top coat and ring with lots of lacing.

A lot of citrus aromas, lemon and orange lead the way, with hints of pine, and biscuits.

The taste is well balanced with the citrus leading the way.

Medium to full bodied, with a fair amount of carbonation.

Drinkabilty was high. This beer left me begging for more, was refreshing, and went well with BBQ.

All and all a great beer.

Serving type: on-tap

03-10-2010 01:17:06 | More by sitarist
Photo of TheHoppiest
TheHoppiest

Ohio

4.47/5  rDev +15.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Poured from a 22 oz bomber into an oversized snifter. I've had this in tap before at the brew kettle, and I've brewed their home-brew version of this in their brewery, so I'm curious to see how their bottled version compares to mine.

Pours a clear amber with a soapy white head. The clarity of the beer clearly indicates it has been filtered.

Has a wonderful hoppy nose, full of pine and white grapefruit. There's a subtle sweetness lying underneath the string hop aroma.

Has a spicy, peppery start, slightly sweet and warm, ending with a bracing bitter bite that leaves a warm trail down the throat and into the belly. Very pleasing tasting, this is not quite as warm, sweet or mellow as it is on tap.

Medium bodied, this beer leaves the mouth feeling bitter and dry.

This is an excellent brew, I definitely recommend you try this if you get the chance.

Serving type: bottle

02-18-2011 02:37:12 | More by TheHoppiest
Photo of klewis
klewis

Ohio

4.53/5  rDev +17.1%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 5 | overall: 4.5

Cask-conditioned on Firkin Thursday

A: Served in a pint glass, the beer was quite cloudy. A one-finger foamy head blanketed the beer and was sustained through the end of the drink.

S: Big smell of citrus and pine. Nice.

T: Massive simcoe flavor. Tons of citrus and bubblegum flavor and a subtle bitterness almost made this one taste a bit sweet. Nicely balanced.

M: Full-bodied, thick, and creamy.

D: In its original form, this is a great beer. Cask-condtioned, it is even better.

Serving type: cask

12-29-2006 17:17:20 | More by klewis
Photo of rhinos00
rhinos00

Colorado

4.58/5  rDev +18.3%
look: 4 | smell: 5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Had this on-tap at Dayton's Alefest. Reviewed after several 4 oz. servings.

A- Pours a very golden orange. Great clarity. White frothy head formed and laced the glass wonderfully.

S- Absolutely phenomenal. Candied citrus with hints of pine throughout. Also notes of sweet caramel was slightly detectable. Very pungent, no joke!

T- Like the aroma, but just a shade below in quality. Plenty of citrus hops with hint of piney goodness. The malts offer a perfect balance to this beer.

M- Medium bodied with plenty of carbonation.

D- This was so easy to drink. I wish I could have had more than 4 oz. at a time.

Overall, talk about a diamond in the rough. Looking at the previous reviews, it seems as if this beer has slowly involved into something spectacular. Of all the beers at Alefest, this takes home the gold medal IMO.

Serving type: on-tap

08-30-2009 03:56:52 | More by rhinos00
Photo of bluejacket74
bluejacket74

Ohio

4.58/5  rDev +18.3%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

22 ounce bottle. Served in a snifter, the beer pours a dark amber/orange color with about a half inch off-white head. Head retention is average, but there's a good amount of lacing. The aroma is mostly hops, both citrusy and pine. There's also some caramel malt noticable. The taste is the same as the aroma, it's mostly citrusy and pine hops and some caramel malt in there too. Also has a good lingering bitter hoppy finish, and the taste isn't harsh at all. Mouthfeel/body is medium/full, it's a bit slick and creamy with moderate carbonation. Drinkability is great, it's smooth and extremely easy to drink. I think this is a pretty good overall brew, it's one of the better Imperial IPA's I've had in a while. I'll definitely buy this again soon!

Serving type: bottle

11-21-2009 23:36:59 | More by bluejacket74
Photo of spitInTheOcean
spitInTheOcean

Michigan

4.6/5  rDev +18.9%
look: 4.5 | smell: 5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

persistent off white head. gold color, copper tinge. crystal clear. huge lacing, there are clumps of suds hanging to the side of the glass.

smells of hops first off. citrus primarily, grapefruit, lemon. grass. pine. caramel and toffee are there as well, and of course the smell of alcohol. the aroma of alcohol seems just to contribute to the overall bouquet rather that detract from it.

taste of caramel malts initially. huge hop flavors through. citrus, grass, pine. big hop flavors and bitterness in the finish, though the bitterness is not overwhelming.

medium-heavy bodied. soft carbonation. finishes sweet.

this is about as good an ipa ive ever had. i think i paid $5 for a 22oz bottle. $6 at the most. its an amazing buy. i will definitely be having more of this.

Serving type: bottle

08-29-2011 04:23:15 | More by spitInTheOcean
Old 21 Imperial IPA from The Brew Kettle Taproom & Smokehouse / Production Works
87 out of 100 based on 290 ratings.