1. BeerAdvocate on your phone?! True story. Try the beta now.

Allagash Victor Ale - Allagash Brewing Company

Allagash Victor AleAllagash Victor Ale

Displayed for educational use only; do not reuse.
BA SCORE
88
very good

299 Ratings
THE BROS
-
no score

(send 'em beer!)
Ratings: 299
Reviews: 145
rAvg: 3.91
pDev: 10.23%


Brewed by:
Allagash Brewing Company visit their website
Maine, United States

Style | ABV
Belgian Strong Pale Ale |  9.00% ABV

Availability: Rotating

Notes/Commercial Description:
The Victor Ale was inspired by its feminine-named predecessor, the Victoria Ale. With chardonnay grapes to make the Victoria Ale unique, our brewers decided to use red grapes for the Victor. Over one hundred pounds of cabernet franc grapes were crushed on site and added directly to the mash. In addition to a generous portion of Pilsner malt, Victor is hopped with Fuggles and Hallertau and fermented with a wine yeast strain. With a focus on the subtle wine-like character of the grapes, the 9.0% ABV brew maintains a copper color, wine yeast influence and a medium body with a tart and spicy finish.

(Beer added by: akorsak on 06-10-2007)
Beer: Ratings & Reviews
Sort by:  Latest | High | Low | Top Reviewers
« first ‹ prev | 1-25 | 26-50 | 51-75  | next › last »
Ratings: 299 | Reviews: 145 | Show All Ratings:
Photo of Immortale25
Immortale25

North Carolina

4.26/5  rDev +9%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.25 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.25

Had on-tap at Thirsty Monk Asheville. Served in a goblet.

A- Pours a medium amber color with a 1/4 inch off-white head that retains a bit before becoming a thick ring around the edge of the glass and a mostly full sheer sheet of surface foam. Semi-resilient lacing leaves clots behind.

S- Fruity yeast aroma with notes of pear, raspberry and apple.

T- Taste isn't quite as exciting as there's more of a wheat presence to go along with the yeast. Some Bready notes and a pronounced sweetness. Alcohol is quite well hidden.

M- Tangy and a bit prickly. Medium carbonation and a lightish body.

O- Been wanting to try this for a long time and it was worth the wait. A great, fruity Belgian that's actually a bit different from Allagash's usual MO.

Serving type: on-tap

02-04-2014 04:08:20 | More by Immortale25
Photo of poolemhore
poolemhore

Maine

3.94/5  rDev +0.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 4.25 | overall: 4

A - poured into a tulip glass at room temperature. Big bubbly white foamy head with a very bright bronze to copper color.

S - distinct Allagash yeast smell the grapes come through slightly as a lighter note. Maybe some acetyl like scents sneaking through.

T - starts off pungent and bitter mellowing into a smooth, almost red wine finish. This however gives way almost immediately to a lingering metallic bite.

M - very light bodied and nicely carbonated. For a 9% beer this facet makes this one dangerously sessionable.

O - love Allagash but I've experienced every once in a while a metallic finish in their bombers. That being said this one has something to offer for both the experienced enthusiast and not so much. I think its most impressive quality is its lightness when regarding its abv.

Serving type: bottle

01-20-2014 05:06:26 | More by poolemhore
Photo of jtierney89
jtierney89

New Jersey

3/5  rDev -23.3%
look: 3 | smell: 3 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3

2013 vintage. Bought at the low price of $2 (don't ask how)

Tarnished faded golden hue with a finger of sticky bright white head. Very vinous nose along with some rustic barnyard yeastiness. You can definitely smell the grape must influence heavily compared to the malt component.

Definitely vinous in character flavor wise along with some french belgian like flavors but finishes a little overly metallic or tinny, or almost blood like. Starts with sweet malt followed by funky belgian yeasty undertones along the mid-palate. deep red wine flavors, high acidiy covered brisk carbonation. Finishes again with that very tinny finish. There is a fain bitterness that comes through that balances things pretty well.

Serving type: bottle

10-09-2013 02:27:11 | More by jtierney89
Photo of TheManiacalOne
TheManiacalOne

Rhode Island

3.75/5  rDev -4.1%
look: 3.75 | smell: 3.75 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 3.75

On-tap 7/9/13 at Track 84 in Warwick, RI, served in a tulip glass.

A: The beer is a light brown color, with a thin off-white head that fades slowly and leaves a thick lace on the glass.

S: The aroma contains Belgian yeast, caramelized malts, apples, grapes, brown sugar and a touch of hops.

T: The taste starts out very sweet with flavors of caramel, grapes, apples, brown sugar. Then some mild breadiness comes in from some mildly wild Belgian yeast and a hearty but not too heavy malt character. The hops presence is mild but complementary and brings a good balance. The after-taste is slightly sweet.

M: Crisp and smooth, medium body, light-to-medium carbonation, finish is slightly sticky.

O: Tasty, goes down easily, not too filling, good kick, good representation of style, this is a solid beer to drink for a while if you’re into beers with wine-like attributes.

Serving type: on-tap

07-10-2013 23:19:57 | More by TheManiacalOne
Photo of HattedClassic
HattedClassic

Virginia

3.89/5  rDev -0.5%
look: 4.25 | smell: 3.75 | taste: 4 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 3.75

Appearance:
Th beer pours a white but slightly reddish head. The head does not stay for long and sort of dissipates quicker than its feminine counterpart. The beer itself is also darker. The beer is a dark red with hints of brown that are reminiscent of a red.

Smell:
The beer has a strong red grape smell that masked by the yeast and spices.

Taste:
The beer is definitely sour. The pilsner malts are present but compliment the red grapes very well. The red grapes seem to give it a sour taste and a sugary sweet taste. The beer leaves a tarty aftertaste.

Mouthfeel:
Heavy bodied with very little carbonation. The beer leaves a slightly dry aftertaste.

Overall:
Certainly different from the Victoria but I would probably get this beer again when it's available but I won't be running over people to do so.

Serving type: bottle

07-04-2013 01:45:09 | More by HattedClassic
Photo of GarthDanielson
GarthDanielson

North Carolina

3.68/5  rDev -5.9%
look: 3.75 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.75

2013 Vintage. Poured from a bottle into a snifter, the beer is a muddled, rose-tinged copper coloring with a bubbly, frothy, off-white head that sits a consistent half an inch on the surface. Aromas of semisweet fruity notes, like a Blush or Rose wine. Some subtle spice highlights, as well. Subtle nose. Flavors are well blended, with a rich, tangy sweet grape profile. Highlights of earth and wood throughout, with a tartness that underlies it all. The carbonation and crisp body keep this brew light in mouth while you drink. Slightly boozy berry and grape aftertaste, with hints of clove and all spice. The beer has an effervescent, slightly dry finish. Tasty brew, and surprisingly easy to drink.

Serving type: bottle

05-31-2013 23:43:30 | More by GarthDanielson
Photo of Jonada
Jonada

New Jersey

3.85/5  rDev -1.5%
look: 4.75 | smell: 3.75 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 4

750ml bottle. 2012 vintage. Served in the DFH signature glass

Appearance: Pours a murky gold/orange color with 2 fingers of a creamy off white head. Great retention and lacing. Body is very hazy with lots of visible carbonation streaming throughout.

Smell: Red grape, floral, bready malt and some light yeast spice.

Taste: Vinous grape, apple, spice, fruity esters.

Mouthfeel: Medium bodied, medium/high carbonation. Slightly tart and dry finish.

Overall: It's a solid belgian pale and the grapes do add some additional complexity. Pretty good stuff, though not quite worth the high price tag.

Serving type: bottle

05-20-2013 04:01:10 | More by Jonada
Photo of SHODriver
SHODriver

California

4/5  rDev +2.3%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

2012 bottle
A: poured into an oversize wine glass to a deep orange with slight red tint and a finger of dense slightly off white head that is slow to fade
S: smells of yeast with a slight fruitiness and a bit of pale malt. slightest hint of grape jelly as well
T: slightly musty malt flavor up front with a bit of flavor from the grapes and some fruity esters. slightly spicy. finish is slightly funky with a bit more grape and fruitiness with a bit of noble hop on the finish, slightly tart as well on the finish
M: medium in the mouth with soft carbonation from bottle conditioning. carbonation is adequate. slightly drying on the finish
O: pretty good, steep in price for not being barrel aged. I remember last years version a bit more favorably but this one isn't bad. good complexity and it's something different

Serving type: bottle

04-25-2013 03:59:06 | More by SHODriver
Photo of Jimmys
Jimmys

Pennsylvania

3.85/5  rDev -1.5%
look: 4.25 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.75

750mL into tulip. aged in my cellar for the past 2 years.

A: slightly hazed, light copper body. bright white head is frothy. retention is average/good. lots of spotty lacing as the brew goes down.

S: a little tart and acidic. slightly vinous as well. a floral bouquet of sweet fermentation aromas, cara malts, and grapes. different.

T: there is a distinctive apple juice flavor in here. chewy unfermented malt sugars. I would say slightly more sweet than acidic. a minor earthy hop flavor. mostly sweet finish.

M: carb is subtle. medium, full body.

D: not sure how well this bottle held up with time. would like to have a fresh Victor to compare. regardless, haven't had a brew like this, very vinous throughout the nose and drink.

Serving type: bottle

04-14-2013 14:29:52 | More by Jimmys
Photo of KickbacksSteve
KickbacksSteve

Florida

4.56/5  rDev +16.6%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.75 | feel: 4.25 | overall: 4.5

2008 vintage on tap at Kickbacks in Jax. Poured into a snifter. White head, low retention on a clear, light golden body. Clear lacing, some suds. Aroma is deep and musty, includes green apple, green grapes and some candy sugar. Taste follows the aromas pretty closely, no alcohol on tasting or in aroma. This beer has aged incredibly gracefully. Developed some extra sweetness and some complexity. Wonderfully delicious and extremely tasty.

Serving type: on-tap

02-18-2013 06:30:12 | More by KickbacksSteve
Photo of jrenihan
jrenihan

Ontario (Canada)

3.98/5  rDev +1.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

2012 Vintage

Beer is a dark orange colour with a large white head. Excellent retention.

Belgian yeast in the nose, along with red grape, raisin, floral notes, apple. A bit champagne-like.

The red grapes come through strongly in the taste. Vinous, raisin flavours. Belgian yeast as well, with apple and some light fruit. Bready malt, reminiscent of champagne. Very dry.

Full bodied, strongly carbonated. A bit of pucker. Dries the mouth.

Overall, quite good. Not the best beer I have had from Allagash but enjoyable.

Serving type: bottle

10-13-2012 01:52:52 | More by jrenihan
Photo of MatthewWilde
MatthewWilde

Massachusetts

3.9/5  rDev -0.3%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Sample: 1 bottle 2009

A: Pours a small white head that quickly evolves into mild lacing, orange in color and cloudy throughout with lots of sediment, not translucent

S: Moderately fragrant, quite fruity, notes of citrus with some floral/herbal elements as well, champagne-like, sweet with a touch of alcohol

T: Similar to the nose, but much heavier fruit and very apparent grape aspects, mild herbal notes, slightly spicy, flavorful

M: Smooth, drinkable, refreshing, age seems to have added some balance, mild fruity aftertaste, not lingering or drying, only slight alcohol taste

O: Worth a try, fruity and clean, aged well with much added complexity, smooth and delicious

Serving type: bottle

10-03-2012 01:16:05 | More by MatthewWilde
Photo of turnerk3
turnerk3

South Carolina

3.98/5  rDev +1.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 4

A: Pours a unique golden yellow color that tends to shift between true yellow to amber. Perfectly topped by a puffy white head which screams Belgium.

S: The Belgium yeast produce that fruity sweet smell as always, but there is a subtle wine aroma that pleasantly adds a distinct sweetness.

T: As expected, the mouth agrees with the nose. Exceptionally unique flavors of banana and clove found in most Belgium's with an enjoyable hint of grape that mixes well.

M: This is where the wine aspect takes main stage. There is a distinct dryness that is more wine-like than Belgium beer-like. Quite distinguishable and well placed.

O: Allagash is an excellent American brewery that produces exceptional Belgium style beers. This is just another over whelming amazing brew. If it is available definitely give it a try.

Serving type: growler

09-29-2012 00:11:46 | More by turnerk3
Photo of superspak
superspak

Michigan

4/5  rDev +2.3%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

750 ml bottle into tulip glass, 2009 bottling. A bit of a gusher upon opening. Pours very cloudy orange amber color with a nice 2 finger dense off white head with very good retention, that reduces to a nice cap that lingers. Good soapy lacing clings to the glass. Aromas of big grape, apple, pear, biscuit, clove, pepper, grape skin, herbal, earth, honey, caramel, and yeast spiciness. Nice and well balanced aromas with good complexity. Taste of apple, pear, grape, herbal, pepper, biscuit, clove, earth, honey, grape skin, caramel, and yeast spiciness. Slight grape skin tang on the finish; with lingering notes of light fruits, pepper, clove, bread, honey, earth, herbal, and yeast spices on the finish for a good bit. Very nice balance and flavor complexity; with no cloying flavors at all. Medium carbonation and body; with a lightly slick and syrupy mouthfeel that is nice. Alcohol is very well hidden with almost no warming noticed after the finish. Overall this is a damn nice Belgian strong pale ale. Fairly unique flavor profile with great balance and flavor complexity; and very smooth to sip on. Really enjoyed this one.

Serving type: bottle

08-10-2012 03:54:58 | More by superspak
Photo of BostonHops
BostonHops

Massachusetts

3.9/5  rDev -0.3%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

750ml corked and caged bottle served in a snifter.
2011 vintage.

pours a mostly clear golden tone while yielding a frothy two fingers or so of an off-white head. good retention and lacing. nose offers a lot of grape and apple, with notes of yeast, malt, and maybe a touch of hops in the background. nice, though nothing extraordinary.

flavor delivers more of the same. good doses of grape, with some secondary fruity characteristics (apples, maybe a bit of citrus), some yeastiness and a sturdy malt presence. some booze, but not enough to significantly impact the beer. medium bodied in the mouth with adequate carbonation.

overall, very solid beer. doesn't blow you away, but pretty damn tasty. i'm enjoying it quite a bit.

(originally reviewed: 08-08-2011)

Serving type: bottle

06-19-2012 22:34:03 | More by BostonHops
Photo of tdm168
tdm168

North Carolina

4.05/5  rDev +3.6%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

On tap at Busy Bee in Raleigh

A - copper with a thin lacing of white head; little retention

S - winy, white grapes

T - grapes, wheat, mild bitter hops, faint bread

M - medium bodied, smooth, well carbonated, a bit viscous

This is a decent beer. It doesn't have a Belgian yeast character to it and it has a nice balanced flavor. Perfect to sip from the tulip amongst friends.

Serving type: on-tap

06-08-2012 11:15:59 | More by tdm168
Photo of rfgetz
rfgetz

New Jersey

3.68/5  rDev -5.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

Pours a lightly hazed golden orange color, whispy plume of white head, gone quickly leaving some spots. Scent bring unfermented grape must, a light spicy yeast presence and some peppery spice, hints of sweet watery fruit and some bready charachter. Taste controlled by tart grape must, spicy, honey like sweetness, minimal grain charachter. Medium bodied, moderately carbonated. Strong grape and spice notes, lacks delicate notes.

Serving type: on-tap

06-06-2012 21:42:52 | More by rfgetz
Photo of UCLABrewN84
UCLABrewN84

California

3.68/5  rDev -5.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

On tap for Allagash night at Boneyard Bistro in Sherman Oaks, CA.

Pours a hazy honey brown with a beige head that settles to a film on top of the beer. A foamy curtain of lace lines the glass on the drink down. Smell is of grain/malt, spices, and some fruity aromas. Taste is the same with some yeast flavors and a slight metallic flavor on the finish. This beer has a good level of carbonation with a crisp mouthfeel. Overall, this is a pretty good beer but the smell is better than the taste.

Serving type: on-tap

03-22-2012 05:23:10 | More by UCLABrewN84
Photo of kojevergas
kojevergas

Texas

3.38/5  rDev -13.6%
look: 3 | smell: 3 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.5

2009 750 ml brown glass bottle with hood and wire cap over a cork served into an EKU 28 snifter in me gaff in low altitude Los Angeles, California. Acquired at Wades Wines in Westlake Village, California. Cost was $18.49 plus tax. Reviewed live.

Expectations are extremely high given the brewery and label description, plus the 2009 vintage.

Served refrigerator cold. Side poured without any extra vigor as no carbonation issues are anticipated.

A: Pours a one finger head of fair cream, nice thickness, and decent retention for the style. Some mild lacing. Nontransparent (but not opaque) dark butterscotch-orange. Nothing strikes me as special or unique, but it's appealing. No yeast particles are visible.

Sm: Grapes are dominant but subtle, with perhaps a hint of vinegar. Some yeast. Mild indistinct esters. A mild strength clean pleasant aroma.

T: A subtle grape taste over top a clean malt foundation. Some mild esters - maybe a light hint of peach. Quite clean and pleasant. Certainly enjoyable, but not exceptional. No yeast or alcohol comes through. A light cidery note is present. A bit floral, likely from hops. It's certainly subtle, but I wouldn't call it complex. The grapes are pretty light; likely more white than red. A mild brett tone gives it some added complexity but doesn't contribute anything substantial. Well balanced, with a rounded flavour profile. Built decently but timidly.

Mf: Smooth and wet, suiting the flavours nicely. The bretts give it a silky character whilst retaining its full feel. Not too thick nor too thin. Adequately carbonated, even in light of its age. Overall, its nicely complementary of the flavours but doesn't feel tailored to them.

Dr: Drinkable and enjoyable, but a bit boring considering its potential. The ingredients, process, and brewery made me expect a far better beer, but I do like this one. I don't know that aging had a significant effect on the flavour. I'd try this again only if a much older bottle was freely available to me; elsewise it isn't worth the price.

It drank just fine out of me snifter. Would pair well with some foods but not spicy ones. Maybe sweet potato fries would be ideal.

B-

Serving type: bottle

03-07-2012 05:51:56 | More by kojevergas
Photo of LiquidAmber
LiquidAmber

Washington

3.6/5  rDev -7.9%
look: 4.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

Poured into a Nostradamous flute glass. Pours a clear orange yellow amber, honey colored. One finger medium white head with good retention and nice lacing. Looks nice. Mild aroma of apples, light malt and a hint of Belgian spicing. Taste is light malt, apple juice, Belgian yeast with a somewhat dry finish where the vinous characteristics show up. Medium bodied. An interesting, not very complex Belgian style ale. I like the vinous finish less than most Belgians ales. An obviously well made ale that just did not suit my palate.

Serving type: bottle

03-03-2012 04:06:30 | More by LiquidAmber
Photo of rudzud
rudzud

Massachusetts

3.45/5  rDev -11.8%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

Sampled at a Julio's tasting. Reviewed from notes.

A - Pours a hazy reddish straw hue with a a nice head that quickly faded to a thin cloud with no lacing.

S - Smell isnt that bad. Light vinous notes (red wine) but mostly bready yeast and malts.

T - Similar to the nose with a bit better on the cabernet notes. Nice fruit notes but alot of the bready yeast qualities again. Yeasty wine. I've had better.

M - Mouthfeel isnt bad. Crisp, dry on the tongue.

O - Overall, not my favorite Allagash by far. I prefer Victoria better, the grapes are intergrated a bit more. This meanwhile was a yeasty mess.

Serving type: bottle

02-09-2012 22:59:49 | More by rudzud
Photo of grover37
grover37

District of Columbia

3.58/5  rDev -8.4%
look: 3 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 3.5

750ml bottle bought at the brewery for about $17 back in July 2010. Split into two Allaglasses.

Appearance (3): Hazy copper organge with two fingers of off-white head. Reduces to a very thin layer with swaths of lacing.

Aroma (3.5): Yeast forward with bready notes. Some light red wine as well.

Taste (3.5): Vinuous and yeasty. Fruity with cranberry and plum perhaps. Really interesting and unique flavors but a bit tannic; has gotten better with time.

Mouthfeel (4.5): Pretty light for 9% and the alcohol doesn't show. Pretty effervescent but not overly so - accents the flavors nicely. Medium body and medium to high carbonation.

Overall (3.5): Different but not something that I will go out of my way for. I like it with some age on it, but fresh it wasn't very enjoyable.

Serving type: bottle

02-02-2012 04:14:35 | More by grover37
Photo of lonestar4lunch
lonestar4lunch

Texas

3.93/5  rDev +0.5%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

2010 vintage. Pours a red tinted straw color with a head that quickly settles to a light lacing that never goes away. There is a light aroma that is mostly grapes and some grains. The tastes is just a bit sweet but it allows this to be very easy to drink. There is a couple other light fruit flavors hidden in there but nothing that really stands out for me. Each sip is lighter than the other. The 9% is well hidden. Overall, another quality selection from Allagash. Really enjoyed this one even though it was a bit sweet, but to be expected.

Serving type: bottle

01-05-2012 00:20:21 | More by lonestar4lunch
Photo of Sam21
Sam21

Connecticut

4.05/5  rDev +3.6%
look: 5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

750ml bottle, 2011 vintage, purchased for ~$19 at Domaney's in Great Barrington, MA. Poured into tulip.

Appearance- Brilliant copper body showing brown highlights - no doubt, a result of the Cabernet Franc grapes. Tight head with excellent retention. Picture perfect lacing as well.

Smell- Sweet aroma. Purple grapes, sweet apple, and some light caramel notes beneath. There are some yeasty aromas as well adding balancing spices to the mix.

Taste- Yeasty clove and subtle phenolic flavors stand up front. The clove spice carries right through into the finish and balances out what I expected to be an overly sweet beer. The sweetness is present, but clings to the tongue's anterior taste buds while the spice commands the center stage. Dark tangy sweet grapes are more prominent in the finish and come together with the yeast for a wonderfully balanced and dry finish. Sweet, tangy, and balanced. The alcohol is expertly integrated. Noticeable as the beer warms, but subtle.

Mouth Feel- Victor sports a medium body with full mouth filling carbonation. Soft, yet active.

Drinkability- This is a wonderful strong Belgian-style pale. It has strong base malt notes and spicy additions from the yeast. The Cabernet grapes add tangy sweet flavors and are a solid addition. An expensive beer, but worth the money. Allagash does it again.

Serving type: bottle

12-03-2011 02:50:46 | More by Sam21
Photo of oberon
oberon

North Carolina

3.8/5  rDev -2.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Poured into a large tulip glass a hazed burnt orange with a large blooming white head that left multiple rings of broken lace behind as it settled slowly.White grape skin really stands out in the nose with what alot of people have mentiones,a sweet cake-like note,a healthy does of herbal hops,and sharp phenols round out the aromas.Phenols play a bigger role on the palate providing spice and sharpness,white grape fruitiness,and herbal hops in the finish.A pretty good rendition of the style,the phenols are a little heavy on the palate for me though.

Serving type: bottle

10-27-2011 23:42:37 | More by oberon
« first ‹ prev | 1-25 | 26-50 | 51-75  | next › last »
Allagash Victor Ale from Allagash Brewing Company
88 out of 100 based on 299 ratings.