1. The wait is over! Download the BeerAdvocate app on iTunes or Google Play now.
  2. Get 12 issues / year of BeerAdvocate magazine for only $9.99!

Raspberry Tart - New Glarus Brewing Company

Not Rated.
Raspberry TartRaspberry Tart

Displayed for educational use only; do not reuse.
BA SCORE
97
world-class

3,048 Ratings
THE BROS
100
world-class

(view ratings)
Ratings: 3,048
Reviews: 854
rAvg: 4.36
pDev: 10.78%
Wants: 1,060
Gots: 618 | FT: 61
Brewed by:
New Glarus Brewing Company visit their website
Wisconsin, United States

Style | ABV
Fruit / Vegetable Beer |  4.00% ABV

Availability: Year-round

Notes/Commercial Description:
Treat yourself to a rare delight. The voluminous raspberry bouquet will greet you long before your lips touch your glass. Serve this Wisconsin framboise very cold in a champagne flute. Then hold your glass to a light and enjoy the jewel-like sparkle of a very special ale.
Oregon proudly shares their harvest of mouth watering berries, which we ferment spontaneously in large oak vats. Then we employ Wisconsin farmed wheat and year old Hallertau hops to round out this extravaganza of flavor.

(Beer added by: xlperro on 04-21-2002)
Beer: Ratings & Reviews
Sort by:  Recent | Likes | High | Low | Top Raters | Read the Alström Bros Beer Reviews and Beer Ratings of Raspberry Tart Alström Bros
Ratings: 3,048 | Reviews: 854 | Display Reviews Only:
Photo of BeerTruth
4.35/5  rDev -0.2%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Got this one from Todd over on RB. I've had this before, just haven't had the chance to review it, so here goes...

750 ml dark red waxed bottle poured into a snifter.

Pours a deep dark red with a thin half finger light pink colored head that disappears to just a ring around the the glass. Some spots cling on the sides here and there, but not much. Smell is, well...raspberries, some sour, some sweet, some overripe. Rhubarb, green apples, and cherries in there as well, great smelling bouquet of aromas. Taste is well, can you believe it...raspberries!!! A bit less sour than the aroma, but still some tartness. Gooey raspberry pie filling, great stuff. A bit dry in the finish as well. Medium body with a very crisp feel in the mouth. This is quite the treat and one that can be enjoyed by all. Very drinkable, very flavorful, and very refreshing. I have a 2007 bottle of ST Choklat I plan on blending with, hopefully it turns out as delicious as it sounds!

Photo of merlin48
4.55/5  rDev +4.4%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 5

Been wanting to try this for ages. A huge thank you to dancinwillie for the hookup.

Pours a clear burgundy hue with copper tones. Absolutely a radiant ruby when held to light. Small pinkish head quickly fades to a cap but leaves some wispy lace on the goblet.

Aroma is pureed fresh raspberries. A hint of yeasty and earthy mushrooms underneath but the bouquet of raspberries is overwhelming to the senses.

Mouthfeel reveals a light to light medium body with an airy and sparkly carbonation.

Taste is raspberries, front and center. Just a hint of wheat malt on the tip of the tongue. Exceedingly tasty with a natural fruitiness. Fresh berry sweetness is balanced by a very satisfying tartness.

Wow! New Glarus has really set the bar high for American fruit beers. Unbelievable drinkability for this one. It's really incredible how tasty a fruit beer can.

Photo of corey0212
4.78/5  rDev +9.6%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 5 | feel: 5 | overall: 4.5

Thanks to Homerbag for this one!

Pours a sexy deep ruby-red color with remarkable clarity, two-finger pink head fades into a fine foamy layer atop the beer, a few stray dots of lacing on the glass. Smell is rich, decadent raspberry madness. Tastes like a raspberry sorbet, extreme tartness creeps up on you after the swallow, and zings the back and sides of the tongue like something you'd find in your Halloween candy bag. Tartness and raspberry flavors linger on and on, very finely carbonated and refreshing...you could pair this with all kinds of desserts. Based on this, the Wisconsin Belgian Red, and the Apple Ale, I can't imagine a brewery producing better fruit beers. Just fantastic stuff.

Photo of deliriumfest
4.4/5  rDev +0.9%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Consumed 1/19/09

750ml bottle

Poured a dark red/burgudy color with a small pink epervesant head. Aroma was sweet and raspberry was definitely the star of the show. The flavor was quite different: tartness was the king here with sweet raspberries coming in second place. Mouthfeel was smooth and light with carbonation which equals stellar drinkability. Great choice if you like raspberry jam because it's almost the same thing minus the seeds and plus a minimal amount of alcohol.

Photo of htomsirveaux
4.22/5  rDev -3.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

750 mL bottle.

Tried Jul 2008.

Small rosy head quickly dissipates. Very cloudy deep burgundy color. Aroma is tart and sweet. Taste of pureed fresh raspberries and raspberry juice. Body is fairly thick. Start to finish is tangy and full of raspberry sweet/tartness. Slight bite of unripe berries at the very end. Very good fruit beer, would drink this and the Belgian Red all the time if I lived in Wisconsin.

Photo of Imstillthegman
4.38/5  rDev +0.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

We had some company over and realized we were out of wine...so a quick run into cellar and a came back up with a bottle of this and a Belgian Red. I figured they should work and I was right.

Pours a cloudy pinkish-purple color with a nice pink head. Lots of bubbles racing to the surface. Looks good in the New Glarus flutes.

The aroma was filled with raspberries. Nice tartness in the smell has you preparing for it in the taste. I didn't get much else in the aroma besides the berries, but that was ok with me!

The flavor was a smack in the teeth from tart raspberries. Sweet berries also appear. Just how I was hoping it would taste. If raspberries aren't you're thing you'll want to avoid this one.

Mouthfeel was light a crisp...almost champagne like. Carbonation gave it a nice edge. Low abv, nice and fruity, perfect choice to show the ladies that not all beers taste like the crap they hate. Heck, show some of the guys as well.

Photo of Hojaminbag
4.55/5  rDev +4.4%
look: 3.5 | smell: 5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

One of the many great brews I got from Hwwty4 in the Secret Santa 08 BIF. Thanks Bill, this is a beer I have long anticipated getting to try and by chance it has turned out to be my 400th review.

At first glance the body of this beer looks very red, almost exactly like a red wine. However, pink notes become noticeable when held up to the light. A pinkish head rises up a little bit but dies down even faster. No retention, head, or lacing sticks around on this one.

The smell is a little sweet, a little tart, but all raspberry. Smells a lot like fresh raspberries, and I can't think of what else I could ask for. A nice smell for sure.

A nice tartness leads off here, pairing puckering sourness with lots of natural tasting raspberry flavor. Next comes more raspberry flavors, but with lots of sweetness. Reminds me a little bit of a juice box actually. If HI-C made a beer, I think it would be this single aspect of Raspberry Tart. This is definitely all raspberry, which I definitely like, being a raspberry fan. The finish however, brings some oak notes into the flavor, which surprises me. The aftertaste is, unsurprisingly, tart raspberry. Tasty beer.

The mouthfeel of the body is light to medium at best. Despite the beer's appearance, it also is pretty well carbonated.

If you like raspberries, this beer is definitely drinkable. The tartness and sweetness come together to balance the beer out, making it rather drinkable. Glad to finally try this one, it was a pleasure.

Photo of ChainGangGuy
4.58/5  rDev +5%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

Appearance: Pours a murky, pinkish-brown body with a pink-hued, bubbly head.

Smell: Rich, fresh raspberry fruit aroma with a touch of tartness. Maybe a lil' bit of heaven added, too.

Taste: It's delish! Raspberry compote with just the perfect balance of pleasing sweetness and tartness. Small tinge of bitter and oak character serve as a reminder that you're not simply feasting on fresh juice. Finishes with a long, lingering fruitiness.

Mouthfeel: Medium-bodied. Medium-plus carbonation.

Drinkability: Unrivaled drinkability. I can say, quite categorically, that New Glarus Raspberry Tart is a phenomenal, incredibly delicious beer. It's a damn shame all fruit beers can't be this good.

Photo of sablephish
4.93/5  rDev +13.1%
look: 4.5 | smell: 5 | taste: 5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

Drank this one near the new year, cold winter storm, inches of snow and a wood stove burning the background, yepper, It's alaska, and friggin cold...
Paired with a very special last bottle of 2006 AbYSS. Not blended, just sparate at the same time.

This pairing isnt totally true to the beer, but holy smokes . . . this is up there with oral sex! Liquid raspbeery love. Everything is so nice and clean, but walks the line between domesticated and crazy brett character. Perfect abuse of dumping raspberrys (fermented?) into the finished product. Poured deep opaque red, no sseing through this one. Pinky pink lace everlasting throuh the glass but weirdly random. . . super duper protein action (ver cool). Anyhow, as for the flavor, It's like drinking a fresh raspberry pir. Fresh being the operatinve word here.
Thanks you new glarus, you made Juneau Alaska just a little more tolerable tonight.

Photo of 0110x011
4.63/5  rDev +6.2%
look: 4 | smell: 5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 5

A - Pours a dark, murky plum color, with a two finger pink head. Retention is minimal, with light, spotty lacing.

S - Pure, delicious raspberry on the nose. A bit of earthyness & grass, but anything besides the raspberry struggles to get through. I'm ok with that.

T - Carbonated raspberry juice. And I mean that in the best possible way. Not too tart; the sweet & tart are very well balanced. A bit spicy as well.

M - Medium light body & spritzy carbonation. Semi-dry finish.

D - light body & sweet/tart balance along with the low ABV makes this insanely sessionable.

Another unique & delicious fruit beer from New Glarus. More than worthy of the acclaim it gets.

Photo of spointon
4.6/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

I poured this one from a 750ml green bottle into a New Glarus flute glass.

A= This beer poured a fairly clear medium red color with a thin, fizzy pink head. The head dropped fast and left zero lace behind.

S= Huge heady aroma of fresh red raspberries. That was pretty much it, just a super fresh, slightly tart fruit smell.

T= Flavor profile was comprised of sweet and tart red raspberries. The sweetness was never cloying and the tartness was never puckering. Just a perfect balance.

MF= Light side of medium bodied with a crisp carbonation feel on the tongue.

D= Very easy to drink and very sessionable. This is probably my second favorite fruit beer behind the New Glarus Belgian Red. Highly recommended.

Photo of roadhouse
4.83/5  rDev +10.8%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

Poured from a 750 ml shared with family by spointon. Mine was poured into a 4-6 oz.tasting glass.

The appearance was ruby red in color with a half inch pink head that dissipated very quickly. No lacing left behind.

The aroma was straight up raspberries, nice and fresh. They were struggling to be sweet and struggling to be tart, and the ensuing fight was quite delectable.

The taste is of course straight up fresh raspberries again. It began sweet and during the swallow it became increasingly tart, nearing a pucker at one point but stopping short. In a word, delicious.

Mouthfeel was very nice, it was fairly light but the carbonation level was perfect. Very drinkable, I could have a whole bottle of this in one sitting with no problems.

This has to be the best fruit beer that I've ever tried. Having had this the Wisconsin Belgian Red is next on my list. All I can say is New Glarus is the shit.

Photo of WJVII
4.5/5  rDev +3.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Poured into a champagne flute (as recommended) and it has a deep red color with a pink bubbly head that dissipates quickly. The aroma is, well quite fankly, raspberry. But not just raspberry, but fresh raspberry, sticky and juicy. The taste is BAM, raspberry! And the finish is just the perfect amount of tart leaving a tingling of flavor in your mouth. The carbonation is similar to champagne and there is a candy essence to it. This is just such an unusual brew. So similar to the Belgian Red.

My wife made a comment on the rating of this and the Belgian Red and how I can rate them so high. She asked if I would rather this and that over a coffee stout or a pale ale. Fact of the matter is, these are a different breed, and bottom line is these are unique and extremely well crafted brews. Hats off!

Photo of MasterSki
4.53/5  rDev +3.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 5

Picked up a bottle at Discount Liquors last time I was in Milwaukee - served it with my mom's apple crisp at Xmas dinner.

A - Beautiful ruby red color with a thin pinkish head that dissipates quickly. Bubbles lazily rise from the bottom - it looks kind of like soda, except for the small amount of lacing. It's hard to compare as I don't have a real frame of reference for fruit beer - it doesn't even really look like a kriek.

S - Fresh raspberries, and all that entails. Some sweetness, some tartness - it's obviously sweetened with sugar or malt, as pure raspberry juice doesn't have this potency of scent.

T - Initial taste is pure raspberry, but you get some hop bitterness at the back of the palate. As someone who loves raspberries this is as good as it gets - it actually tastes like the fruit (or jam), and not like the phony raspberry flavor found in gum, etc. The taste is tarter than the smell, which keeps it from getting sickeningly sweet after a while.

M - Medium body, sticky, with a nice amount of carbonation. It's also got the dry crispness that I get from lambics - reminds me a little of La Folie. It leaves that too much candy mouthfeel after a while, for which I don't totally care.

D - At 4%, and with such incredible flavor, this is the perfect beer for dessert spreads. I could drink a bottle by myself and be totally fine with that - although I'd probably want to brush my teeth afterward!

This stuff is awesome - seek it out via trade if you can't hit up Wisconsin yourself.

Photo of LilBeerDoctor
4.33/5  rDev -0.7%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Reviewed on 8/16/08. Bottle courtesy of iowaherkeye (thanks Joey!). Pours a murky dark red with a small pink head. Aroma is wow! Quite powerful. Lots of raspberry, also raspberry pie and butteriness. Flavor is very similar, lots of raspberry, fairly tart, raspberry seed, maybe some plum. Very similar to Lindemann's Framboise but it's better and more complex. Such a tasty beer!
9/4/9/4/18 (4.4/5)

Photo of PatronWizard
4.3/5  rDev -1.4%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Big thanks to Mauerhan for opening this in my presence. How will I ever repay him?

Pours deep ruby red slippers. Thin head. Creamy pinkish. Looks like a glass of wine.

Smells like cranberry juice concentrate. I can detect the raspberries. Very nice, like cough syrup.

Taste like raspberry soda. The tart part is at the end and quite tart.

Easy drinking chick beer. Your girlfriend would drink a whole bottle. Biggest problem with this beer is the complete lack of balls in the ABV department. This stuff is like candy. Tastes so damn good, like Hawiian Punch, that I could drink it all day, but to be honest, I kinda feel like a pussy for drinking it. Wine cooler-ish.

The individual scores give this beer its high average, but collectively I'm not that impressed. This is one case where the whole is lesser than the sum of its parts. I wouldn't chase this down again and I would take soooo many other beers ahead of it.

Overall: weak

Photo of KarlHungus
4/5  rDev -8.3%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

This beer pours a deep ruby color with a nice pink head. The aroma is of raspberry, and hints of nuts. The taste is a bit more lively than the aroma. Tons of raspberry, and a stronger nutty character. The mouthfeel is medium bodied with lively carbonation. Overall, this is a nice beer, but I prefer the Wisconsin Belgian Red.

Photo of CrellMoset
4.4/5  rDev +0.9%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Bottle courtesy of Phocion - thanks much!! Been looking forward to trying this one for a while after the joyous "pie in a bottle" that was the Belgian Red. Split with a friend, with my portion poured into a Duvel tulip glass.

Appearance: Pours a gorgeous, robust red - ruby is an apt descriptor here if it ever was for any beer. The head is a fuzzy, foamy pink, crisp and bubbly, almost like a soda head, which is to be expected - also expected is the relative lack of retention (similar to the Belgian red). It fades in about 30 seconds from its initial finger-and-a-half glory into naught but a sheen of light pink foam. Tons of fine bubbles roll up the sides of the tulip at a lackadaisical pace.

Aroma: Pure, unadulterated raspberry puree, one part sweet, one part tart. It's startlingly authentic and pungent, sweet and thick, all-encompassing. Sweet malted wheat is detectable only if one assumes that there's no earthly way that raspberries could produce this much residual sweetness in the nose of a beer ...

Taste: Wow. This is truly an unbelievable-tasting beer, perfectly marrying sweet and tart, saccharine and bitter, and being a raspberry fan, I'm pretty much in heaven right now. The sheer volume of raspberry flavor here would be impressive in a raspberry sorbet, or a raspberry soda, but in a beer it's amazing. The tartness/sourness is cleansing, slightly acidic, but smooth and crisp throughout, and the sweetness equally smooth and well-balanced with all the other elements of this masterpiece. I have to assume a lot of the sweetness is due to the malted wheat, as it's a soft, powdery sweetness, though it is hard to pick out from the general overwhelming fructose sweetness of this one. I can only detect the faintest hint of what I could call hop bitterness, and I have no clue what the oak vats contributed to this one, but who cares? This one's about the raspberries, and they're glorious.

Mouthfeel: Medium bodied, crisp and effervescent, but somehow still remarkably smooth and even. The hint of fruity acidity present leaves the slightest crisp, tooth-cleaning feel.

Drinkability: This beer - which does not taste like beer - instead tastes like pie. And I really like pie. New Glarus continues to impress - nay, blow me out of the water - with their handling of fruit and beer, a marriage that, based upon how often others screw it up, seems easy to screw up. I'm going to go out on a limb and say this is the best fruit beer I've ever had (the Belgian Red a reasonably close runner up). And at 4.0% abv, how can you afford NOT to down a whole bottle with ... or even AS ... dessert?

Photo of marcpal
4.55/5  rDev +4.4%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Thanks to maximum12 for sending this along in a trade. Wanted to compare this to the La Folie in general to see which I would like better- this is the winner. Deliciously delicious.

750ml wax covered cap easily removed from the big heavy bottle. Poured into large goblet.
Bottle graphics: 4/10. Bland.

A: Dark cherry red body with a fluffy pink head upon the vigorous pour. Sporadic lace if that.

S: Sweet and tarty raspberry marmalade. Almost cloyingly sweet which honestly scared me off a little bit.

T: Awesome. The fear that this would be a little overbearingly tart from the nose was completely knocked out in the taste. This has the fantastic taste of real raspberries, not the fake crap.

Perfectly light on the mouth and I could swear there is also cherries here, maybe just from the color.

M: Tight sweetness on the side of my cheeks. Went down like juice. Surprise surprise, literally not sensitivity of alcohol.

D: This was as tasty a fruit beer as I have come across. It tasted genuine and smooth. New Glarus is known for these and this is surely evidence of why they are.

Photo of hwwty4
4.95/5  rDev +13.5%
look: 4 | smell: 5 | taste: 5 | feel: 5 | overall: 5

Big thanks to Lordsloth for giving me this one.

Poured a 25oz bottle into my Tripel Karmeliet tulip. This beer pours a magnificent deep maroon but barely produces any head whatsoever and what head it does produce quickly disappeared into a completely still beer. The aroma is amazing. It encapsulates the essence of a raspberry. Up front the aroma is a like raspberry jam, sweet and sugary but at the end the nose, the aroma becomes quite tart and it makes your nose hair tingle. The taste follows suit to a tee. Sweet raspberry hits your lips and tongue but the more you hold it in your mouth the more the sour/tartness comes through. It coalesces every aspect of biting into a fresh raspberry. The mouthfeel is light and crisp but leaves a sour twinge in your jaw and a dryness on your tongue. I wish I had a case of this on hand at all times. This beer is simply amazing.

Photo of 4DAloveofSTOUT
4.38/5  rDev +0.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

750ml bottle poured into a flute glass.

Apperance: red bodied beer with white head.

Smell: Raspberries lots of Raspberries!

Taste: Nice tart raspberries.

Mouthfeel: light bodied beer with moderately high carbonation. Aggressive and eppervescent carbonation.

Overall: Its raspberry champaign, but no its still beer. My favorite fruit beer of the fruit twins from New Glarus. Elegant beer that is a simple and delicous. Share it with your lady, she will love it.

Photo of Mauerhan
4.1/5  rDev -6%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 3.5

cracked this with my buddies patronwizard and olieipa. a big thank you to unclejedi for this brew.

poured into my sam adams tulip. a whisp of pinkish head shows up to the party just long enough to tickle olie's mommy daddy button. as olie finishes off his load we return to the beer. no lacing. deep red.

smell is sweet. framboise. raspberry juice. VERY fruity. i mean victor fruity.

taste is pure raspberry. no booze. just fruit. wow. this beer is, well how would you say it...light on its feet. tasty.

mouth is thin. very sweet to the point of having a pinch of sour.

a tasty beer. not for me i would say. im sure that my girlfriend will be pissed that i didnt save this for her. meh. good beer. but as vic said. no balls. and we all know how he likes his balls...onto the isabelle!!!

Photo of OlieIPA
4.08/5  rDev -6.4%
look: 3.5 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 5

Thanks to Mauerhan for sharing this beer with me and that one guy...oh yeah....PatronWizard.

A: Appeared thin with a dull pink head that didn't last very long, but settled in my glass with a cherry-purple hue.

S: Similar to a Framboise (like my good buddy Mauerhan indicated); The aroma has a little bit of cherry along with the raspberry character.

T: Not as much berry flavor as I expected, which I actually pleased about, along with a perfect amount of sourness. It reminds me of that sour-type sugar they place on the licorice candy (can't think of the name of it, LOL).

M: Light-body, which I think is perfect for this style, along with a smooth and subtle carbonated feel.

D: Easy...no alcohol...something everyone could enjoy.

Overall: I usually avoid beers that are similar to this, but I was pleasantly surprised after sipping on this great gift from Mauerhan. A try it beer. Cheers!

Photo of kickapoodude
4/5  rDev -8.3%
look: 4.5 | smell: 5 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

The fruit beers by New Glarus are very powerful. Heavy in the mouth as well as heavy on the use of fruit. The healthy use of fruit always overpowers the flavor of the beer. But this is meant to be sipped by a fire and enjoyed for it's richness and developing complexity. This is great stuff. But it is prettyy sweet, one glass is plenty, gimme a pale ale.

Photo of vacax
4.75/5  rDev +8.9%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 5 | feel: 5 | overall: 4.5

750 mL wax-dipped bottle shared by jerz.

A: Elegant pink rose head rises impresses but dissipates quickly, leaving behind nothing and a complete absence of lacing. Deep burgundy color, dark red wine.

S: Raspberries, floral aroma with chrysanthemums. Hints of tartness.

T: A flood of raspberry bursts into my mouth, then a sour, tart, tingling essence surfaces and multiplies. By the swallow the acidity and tart flavors are tingling all over my mouth. Raspberry-centric, but the lambic qualities here shine through. With this beer New Glarus reveals why they are not just a leader for America, but for the rest of the world as well.

M: Light to medium bodied with a low carbonation that allows the tart qualities of the brew to shine through and frolic on my tongue.

D: Big fruit flavors, floral qualities, and intense tartness/acidity creates a beer that is complex on a level that can only be sipped. To be treasured and shared. This is a beer to share for sure, drinking a 750 solo would be a challenge, but this is a beer I would buy frequently if I lived in Wisconsin. This beer can only be described as incredible.

Raspberry Tart from New Glarus Brewing Company
97 out of 100 based on 3,048 ratings.