Dismiss Notice
Subscribe to BeerAdvocate magazine and get 12 issues / year of fresh beer content delivered to your door each month.

Already subscribe? to manage your subscription.

# 100 - Nøgne Ø - Det Kompromissløse Bryggeri A/S

Not Rated.
# 100# 100

Educational use only; do not reuse.
BA SCORE
90
outstanding

252 Reviews
THE BROS
-
no score

(Send Samples)
Reviews: 252
Hads: 424
rAvg: 4.03
pDev: 10.17%
Wants: 33
Gots: 42 | FT: 3
Brewed by:
Nøgne Ø - Det Kompromissløse Bryggeri A/S visit their website
Norway

Style | ABV
American Barleywine |  10.00% ABV

Availability: Year-round

Notes & Commercial Description:
Beer added by: bark on 03-01-2005

23,5° P, 80 IBU.

First brewed to celebrate the 100th batch.

Ingredients: Maris Otter, wheat, and chocolate malt; Columbus, Chinook, and Centennial hops; English ale yeast, and our local Grimstad water.
View: Beers (58) | Events
Beer: Reviews & Ratings
Sort by:  Recent | High | Low | Top Raters
Reviews: 252 | Hads: 424
Photo of birderbeerer
4.33/5  rDev +7.4%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Deep mahogany beer with high head and average lacing.

Big malty sweet smell. Rich with caramel and toffee. Grapes? Some kind of more bitter dark fruit.

Taste is nicely complex. Huge malt sweetness like I expected then all these other nice flavors. Raisins/currants, some coffee, and some strong English tea. Hints of stout come and go but don't last long. The sweetness dominates and the rest is just a series of interesting accents.

Absolutely great. (455 characters)

Photo of 100floods
4.33/5  rDev +7.4%
look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

I got two of these puppies the second City Beer put out a scandinavian section. I opened one up not know what to expect, and i was please. The second one I ages for probably 6-7 months (it doesn't need intense aging). Norwegians, despite the fact that their still trying to find their place, know how to make a good brew. The same characteristics from the fresher version hold true to the aged version. Chocolate aroma, light sugary taste, mellow hop flavor. This beer is a good 'chillum' barley wine. It's got all the characteristics of a west coast BW, but it's not a punch in the face (like big foot). This beer wants you to relax, but enjoy the flavor full on. I hope this beer shows up more often. It's a keeper. (717 characters)

Photo of generallee
4.32/5  rDev +7.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Presentation: It was served on tap at the Blue Monk in Buffalo NY and presented in a tulip glass.

Appearance: The body is dark brown, near black and came with a small light tan head. The head settles to a small ring of foam in no time. This ring makes for some nice lacing at the top of the glass. As I drink it becomes slick and slides right down the glass.

Smell: I get some nice deep spicy citrus and mild pine hop notes over what seems like a pumped up Brown Ale or Porter like bass. This malt is roasty with notes of caramel and coffee.

Taste/Palate: Big roasted malt character and solid hop bitterness blend well together on the palate. It's full and smooth with a very mellow touch of alcohol. This is well hidden for a big 10% beer. Toasty and mildly sweet malty caramel notes slowly gives way to deep spicy/citrusy hop flavor and bitterness with a touch of leafy herb and pine as well. Hop bitterness slowly fades of the tongue deep into the finish.

Notes: This is a very tasty beer that seems to have aspects of an Imperial Porter, Brown Ale and Double IPA all rolled up into an English Barleywine. It all works well and makes a very enjoyable American Barleywine. (1,183 characters)

Photo of bunnyhustle
4.32/5  rDev +7.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

a- virtually black, deep mahogany, 2 finger head quickly decipates, good retention some lacing
s- strong hops, caramelly malt, alcohol
t- hoppy after, sweet malty syrup at first, some dark fruit,
m- medium, low carb, oily bitter aftertaste
o- great, smooth, not too much booze for abv, great overall (300 characters)

Photo of charlzm
4.32/5  rDev +7.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Consumed 09/01/08.

Pours a syrupy dark brown with a two finger tan head.

Aroma is sweet caramel molasses roasty malty explosion of thick barleywine goodness.

Fairly sweet beer and more roasted, almost smoked flavor than what I have experienced in barleywines before. Almost a stout character with a touch of chocolate. Also, some spices I can't place, similar to cinnamon or nutmeg but more subtle and balanced than spiced beers I have had. Must be massively hopped, as a slightly citrusy and bitter hop character appears through the malts on the finish. If I had a wish list, the only thing I would put on it would be "a touch more carbonation".

This is a real eye opener and worth tracking down if you can find a bottle. I wonder how it will age? (752 characters)

Photo of Viggo
4.32/5  rDev +7.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4

Bottle picked up at Premier in Buffalo.

Pours an opaque dark brown/almost black, thick tan head, tons of lacing, settles to a thick layer, looks nice. Smell is sweet, caramel, chocolate, citrus/floral, big hops and big malt, light roast, pine, bread, super balance. Taste is similar, toffee, citrus and floral, sugary, pine, molasses, chocolate, solid bitterness, but nice balance. Mouthfeel is medium to thick bodied with low carbonation, very smooth, warming. I really liked this one, almost like Bigfoot. (508 characters)

Photo of soulgrowl
4.32/5  rDev +7.2%
look: 4 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 5

Appearance: Chocolatey brown, much like black coffee with a soft, fine, tan-tinged light beige head. Fair retention.

Smell: Red wine and hops come immediately to the fore, with berries, fermented grapes, ethanol, and a hop profile reminiscent of juniper and roses. Overall the beer leaves a woody, slightly roasty impression, very robust in all departments except the alcohol - which is extraordinarily well-hidden for 10%ABV.

Taste: Balanced as hell and very robust, but also very subdued and subtle for a 10% barleywine - clearly, this one is English. Hops are potent and spicy, especially in the finish, but the malts shine as well - very vinous, but also very beery - Merlot combined with a lovely amber ale. Tangy, bitter, sweet; mocha, nuts, pine, and brandy.

Mouthfeel: Tacky and medium-bodied.

Drinkability: Very nice indeed; not too big, nut also not too bland. Paired well with Thanksgiving dinner, all the way through from hors d'oeuvres to dessert. (964 characters)

Photo of david131
4.31/5  rDev +6.9%
look: 5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

A- Astonishing. A deep brown with some ruby hues with a bit of cloudiness. The head is absolutely massive, creamy, light brown with amazing lacing. As good as it gets.

S- Pine, caramel, a little bit of sharp citrus. There is a little alcohol undercurrent, but it is not harsh.

T- Very smooth, but very big. The caramel and pine are fantastic, and the alcohol is warm, but not harsh. There are some oakey and vanilla flavors in there as well. For a barleywine, this is smooth and tasty.

M- Thick, smooth, and creamy. Not nearly as carbonated as the massive head would lead you to believe.

D- A smooth sipper. What a beautiful take on the style. I would get this again in a second. (684 characters)

Photo of Floydster
4.31/5  rDev +6.9%
look: 5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 5

500 ml bottle purchased from Liquid Solutions about a year ago for nine dollars, consumed on 1/9/09, reviewed from notes, poured into my Dogfish Head snifter, color is a dark brown with minimal light going through, 3/4 inch creamy beige head, lasts a long time, good lacing too, aroma is entirely filled with hops, and it seemed like lots of Chinook was in there, other scents included wheat, chocolate, and roasted malts, flavor was rather hoppy, heard this was supposed to be a DIPA when I was Stone a few weeks ago, there was some issues with the labeling before it was imported, reminded me a lot of a dark India pale ale in fact, much more than a barleywine, bitterness overpowered a lot of the other flavors but I was not complaining, tasted more of the malt by the end when it warmed, pine and grapefruit were around in the finish and mixed uniquely with the sweet and roasty accents, mouthfeel is dry, bitter, and slightly roasted, medium bodied, good level of carbonation, taste lingered, could drink a lot of this considering it is ten percent, alcohol is hidden well, dry enough to make the sweet qualities balance out and then some, good drinkability, glad the brewers did not keep this all for themselves and released a good amount of it commercially, wish I had more of this to cellar, a great beer from a great Norway brewery, one of the better beers from overseas that I have had in a while, recommended (1,419 characters)

Photo of oberon
4.3/5  rDev +6.7%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 3.5

I have looked forward to getting this beer for sometime and now I know why,poured into an oversized wine glass a deep dark brown with a tight formed almond colored head that left broken lace as it settled as I worked my way down the glass.Whoo intense aromas big leather and hop resin along with quite an alcohol kick nearly boozy but oh so inviting a prune/raisin element is there as well.Flavors are complex to the hilt as well as being potent,deep molasses and licorice combined with deep hoppy resiny goodness as well as a unrestrained alcohol shot really makes this a monster,the flavors are awesome all that in your face deep malt and intense hop really makes it a sipper.English Barley Wine are you kidding me?This is American style no doubt with the deep intense hop profile makes it American style easily,just a great brew. (832 characters)

Photo of Golden2wenty1
4.3/5  rDev +6.7%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4.5

Picked up a single at Riley's here in Madison for $7.99. Shared with the legendary battlekow.

Pour: very dark, even for a barleywine - deep mahogany, opaque under several fingers of sticky, soapy khaki foam.

Nose: dark fruits, roasted chocolate/coffee malts, and a hearty dose of alcohol with a crisp hops bristle.

Taste: brash bittering hops, caramel-coffee malts, vanilla-oak and an alcoholic bite somehow combine for a very clean overall impression on the palate. Bigfoot's mellow Norwegian cousin.

Mouthfeel: silky smooth, medium carbonation.

Drinkability/Overall: probably the cleanest, smoothest beer with this level of assertiveness I've experienced. The complexity and brashness of an American barleywine with the restraint and elegance that comes with a long European brewing tradition. A good way to end a long night of good beer. (845 characters)

Photo of Bananaman
4.3/5  rDev +6.7%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 5 | overall: 4

Nøgne Ø is in my opinion one of the best breweries in the nordic countries. And this is a really fine brew that is great to share with a friend.

Pours a deep brown colour with a nice beige foam, looks really nice actually. But there's a lot of yeast particles floating around.

The smell is really interesting, lots of citrus fruits and some chocolate. Some wonderful hops in the smell too!

Taste is pretty similar to the smell with a nice bitterness and lots of citrus fruits and notes of chocolate and oats. It's a quite sweet beer actually and the high ABV makes it great to sip on for an hour or two. (608 characters)

Photo of Atron67
4.3/5  rDev +6.7%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

A- pours a pretty dark copper brown when held to the light. huge head all around, tannish almost milk chocolate colored. sticky lacing is left all around. very different for such a high abv beer, but im encouraged and it looks great. also looks crystal clear through the light, which confuses me because it said on the bottle that wheath was involved. at first i thought it was wheat, but now it makes me wonder... anyway after all this pondering and reading the head is still a 1/2 cm thick.

S- very roasted porter'ish type scents. smooth very mellow, and rounded light hints of chocolate. so far its striking me as a baltic porter type (minus the sherry flavors from long aging)

T- very smooth wouldnt have guessed it to be 10 % abv. roasted character still tends to be the biggest flavor contributer. still striking me as a baltic porter type flavor wise. there actually is some really solid fruity type sweet flavors right in the middle which is probably a mixture of the strong malts, and the bit of aging before i got around to it. this might have been exactly what i was looking for today. pretty damn delicious very smooth, lingering roasted character with a light bitter finish.

M- smooth, pretty light carbonation after all that head, lingering bitterness and a solid full body.

D- awesome sipper, just like the bottle described. maybe miss filed, but who cares, shouldnt let the definitions dominate your perceptions and how you judge it. (1,453 characters)

Photo of bhalter8
4.28/5  rDev +6.2%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

A surprising look as I poured this one into a snifter. A deep dark brown color, looked thick, add to that a solid creamy head. The smell was not very strong, some chocolate hints. The first sip verified the thickness of this beer, which was in contrast to my previous barley wine experiences. It still has a barely wine taste, just a chocolate/malty strength added to it. I like it, don't get me wrong. The thickness helped balance the strong carbonization, and made it go down easy. An excellent beer to have one evening, by itself. (533 characters)

Photo of psumjl269
4.27/5  rDev +6%
look: 3.5 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 5 | overall: 4

I had a 25 oz. bottle.

A- Kind of a muddy, silty color. Nothing spectacular. I tried to pour this correctly, but both pours resulted in a huge amount of head.

S - Smells a bit woody. I'm a scotch guy, so this a good thing for me. Also get yeast.

T - Very mellow and very smooth. Quite good. Second in barleywines I've had only to Dogfish's Olde School.

M - Very drinkable. Hides the 10% ABV very well.

O - This is a very good barley wine. I would drink it again in a heartbeat. (484 characters)

Photo of JohnGalt1
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Inflatablechair brought over this gem tonight... funny, I took this off my trading wants in the last couple weeks because I just never got any bites for it and it was not really high on my list of priorities... but tonight, Sammy decides to pull it from his cellar... karmic, prophetic and wonderful. Thanks buddy..

Into my Old Guardian goblet... 1/2" lite tan head.. okay retention atop a deep walnut brew that is pretty clear.

Nose shows big caramel with a surprising amount of citrus hops for a brew that is at least a year old... nice dark fruit presence makes me think figs and dark raisins.

Flavor is a rich mash-up of dark fruits, toffee, and hints of roasted malts... a little cocoa comes in with some brown sugar sweetness.. again some pronounced CCC hoppiness lets you know that the Norwegians were swimming for American shores... with warmth a little dark cherry essence mixes with the figs and other fruits.. but the hops are actually the big finisher.

Great body is a bigger medium... carbonation is nice but a tad big bubbled... honestly a bit too rich for more than a nice glass... glad I had a good friend to share this one with.

I really liked this one... it immediately reminds me of the older vintages of Old Boardhead...

Very cool Sam.. I truly appreciate this one.

4/4/4.5/4.5/4 (1,308 characters)

Photo of berkey
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Some evenings only a Barleywine will do the trick. 22 oz bottle poured into a tulip glass, from notes 07/12/10.

A cream colored head crowns an extremely dark brown body. Lacing is wonderful and head retention is among the best I've ever seen in the style.

Because they used English Ale yeast I wondered at first why this wasn't classified as an English Barleywine but now that I pour it the aroma definitely confirms this has much more in common with it's stateside cousins than anything I've tried from the UK. Big pungent American hops are backed some toffee and caramel aromas and a faint flash of alcohol in the background. Really very nice.

Malt sweetness comes through a tad more on the flavor while the hop bitterness is relegated mostly to the aftertaste. I'm getting shades of yellow apples and pears, wasn't expecting that. Straight alcohol heat is much more subdued than many of similar strength.

I'm sure the fact I let this warm for quite a while before drinking it has something to do with it but this is just too drinkable, I'm really getting through this glass quickly.

Overall one of the happiest surprises I've come across lately and one of the better non-aged Barleywines in recent memory. More proof these Scandinavian brewers really know their trade. (1,279 characters)

Photo of BEERchitect
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4.5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4 | overall: 4.5

Another great beer enjoyed at Pazzo's. And, got to meet and share a pint with another BA.

The beer begins Barleywine-ey enough with a deep mohogany hue, froathy golden-ish head that rises to about 1/2" and remains. Lots of lacing left behind. Mild haze keeps it from perfection.

Strong hoppy and fruity aromas. The lable boasts the use of a lot of 'C' hops and they aren't kidding. Lots of grapefruit, citrus, and pine notes rising through the yeasty fruitiness and insane malts. Barley takes the aromas of molassas, caramel, and toffee while adding a toasty note.

Flavor do a leapfrog with the malts leading the way. Strong barley malt flavors of the molassas and toffee give a lot of melanoidin taste and just the right amount of sweetness. Hop flavor is still strong with the more pine than citrus and weaves beautifully in and out of the alcohol taste and bite. English yeast gives a lot of fruit flavors and keeps the beer maybe a bit sweeter than American yeast varieties.

Very bold maltiness holds onto some sweetness and keeps the beer a tad heavy. Hop bitterness again works well with the warming alcohols to disguise any would-be bite or astringency. Very heavy and full to the entire mouth, but the malt attenuation keeps it pleasantly drinkable.

The beer reminds me a lot of Old Guardian, but a bit sweeter, fruitier, and with a bit more residual sweetness on the palate. A very enjoyable session. (1,414 characters)

Photo of Kakaraht
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

A: Deep brown in color with a decent tan head that had good retention.

S: Hoppier than I expected. with lots of spicy citrus notes. The malt has a nice slightly burnt smell to it with hints of coffee and caramel.

T: Dark malt flavors with a bitter after bite of the citrusy hops. There is a lot of sweetness in it and it plays well with the strong alcohol.

M: Heavy body, smooth flavor and it leaves a sweet and bitter aftertaste with a good alcoholic punch.

D: Be hard to drink a few of these but one every now and then is good. (533 characters)

Photo of demcorhip
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Much thanks to Phyl21ca, a great trader for this rare brew.

A huge 4 finger light tan coloured head formed on the pour of this beast. Quite clear, yet dark for the style, almost a deep mahogany with blood red hues. Very mildly carbonated, yet quite decent retention considering the absence of carbonation to support its head. Gradually settles to leave a decent collar and somewhat fine yet full, almost clingy, clumps of lacings.

Caramel, hints of a red wine like vinous character, toffee and cocoa make for a complex malt bill, especially for an IPA. Perhaps some oxidation has taken place? Yet the hops are certainly not skunked, with a pronounced floral and citrus (mostly orange) character.

Wow, more like a hoppy barleywine, and a fine one at that, than an IPA with its deep, tasty and complex malt backbone. Reminiscent of Old Crustacean in this respect. Rich toffee, some caramel, rich vinous notes, leather, and powdery cocoa round out the solid malt backbone. The hops are there, but this is no hop bomb with its 80 IBUs balanced against such rich malts. Some grapefruit and pine notes that almost but not quite reach a stripping, resinous level, as well as a pronounced floral, earthy quality, with hints of oak and vanilla. Time to stop rating this as an american DIPA and go with its own strong merits. A woody hop bitterness and notes of a rich, dry red wine or even port carry on long into the aftertaste.

A very richly malted brew, with just the right amount of oxidation of the wort to produce a rich vinous character that adds to the overall presence of this ale. Rich, full bodied, smooth and creamy in feel, nicely contrasted by a sparkly low level of fine carbonation. Nicely hopped, but the 80 IBUs are barely noticeable against the rich and complex malt backbone. The hop bite, characteristic of both american and english hops gives way to the vinous qualities that linger long after the swallow.

Very drinkable for such a big, rich, bold brew. Certainly not very approachable or sessionable, but is a deep and complex sipper, that just may appeal to afficionados of red wines and port. Im glad i got to try this incredibly rich and complex brew. Way too much going on maltwise to be an american DIPA, but this is a great beer nonetheless. Ill be dishing out the bucks for more brews from Nogne, if i can still find their offerings at a store I've visited previously. (2,405 characters)

Photo of zeff80
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

A - Poured out a dark brown color with a creamy, soft, tan, one finger head. It left sticky, intricate patches of lace.

S - It smelled of sweet malt, caramel, candy sugar and floral notes.

T - It tasted of sweet caramel malt with a subtle bitter hop bite. Sugary sweet with a smooth grassy kick.

M - It was soft, smooth and somewhat dry. A medium to full-bodied beer.

D - This is a very good barleywine. Too bad it is retired. (430 characters)

Photo of czechsaaz
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Very nice fruity aroma. Lots of fermentation esters like really ripe dark pit fruits. Good malt aromas too of dark caramel and some chocolate.

Deep brown almost black but with ruby highlights when held up to the light. Pours with a 1/2 inch thick and solid dark tan head. The head fades to a nice persistent layer that just covers the surface and leaves good lacing.

Very estery and fruity fermentation flavors right off. Good hop bitterness level that cuts through most of the strong base malt sweetness. There's quite a lot of roast malt flavor too. There's more roast here than I'm expecting in a barleywine but way less than a big stout so it seems to fall somewhere in between. There's a lingering light citrus hop flavor in the aftertaste. But the flavor that keeps coming back as it warms and I get more through a glass is the fruity ale esters.

Big bodied with a nice creamy carbonation. There's a little alcohol warmth too.

Nice big ale but it feels to to owe more lineage with Baltic porters than American Barleywine. Get some! (1,041 characters)

Photo of Georgiabeer
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

Purchased at Green's on Ponce in Atlanta. Certainly not retired, and billed as a barley wine on the bottle. On the other hand, doesn't particularly look like a Barley wine or a dipa. Pours black with a white head that sticks around a bit and leaves some lacing. The smell is roasty, chocolatey, and winey. The taste is bitter with citrus up front, then comes chocolate. A big hit of pine throughout- or maybe that is Juniper? The mouthfeel is big, rich, and creamy. Quite drinkablconsidering the abv, but definitely a sipper. (525 characters)

Photo of cratez
4.25/5  rDev +5.5%
look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

500ml bottle shared with mrmanning at Chancey Smith's. Pours a deep mahogany brown with one finger of beige head and stringy lacing on the tulip. Smell and taste are floral and earthy hops, a hint of spruce, light yeastiness, prunes, toast, ripe pit fruit, taffy sweetness, roasted barley, dark plums, chocolate, caramel, a touch of boozy heat in the back of the throat, and an excellent citric hop bitterness to end. Definitely a hop-forward barley wine in the American mold, but there's enough malt flavour and complexity to balance things out. Mouthfeel is thick and full-bodied, sticky sweet, gooey syrup-like middle with a dryly bitter and round hop finish that coats the mouth. Some warmth kicks in after a few sips. Overall, a great interpretation of the style. I would happily drink this kick ass strong ale any day of the week. Thanks to R&R for importing! (865 characters)

Photo of BeerSox
4.23/5  rDev +5%
look: 5 | smell: 4.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.5 | overall: 4

22oz bomber into 8oz snifter.

Deep red hues that are opaque enough to look black. A thick tan head that slowly settles to a thin cap with a thick rim. Solid lacing along the glass.

Somewhat light malts hide behind a sharp citrusy hop aroma, which seems to be of the American type. Estery fruit aromas float around in the glass with a good swirl.

Once again the malts don't show up that much, but the estery fruits and bitter hops. There isn't as much bitterness as one would expect. A bit of creaminess works itself into the middle. Full bodied with medium carbonation.

Not a bad Barleywine. It's not as extreme as most of the other American versions, but still hoppy enough for anyone who likes that. It has a decent amount of complexity. I don't know how well this one would perform after aged for a year or so. I think this one is best enjoyed fresh. Recommended. (872 characters)

# 100 from Nøgne Ø - Det Kompromissløse Bryggeri A/S
90 out of 100 based on 252 ratings.