USA is #1 in hop production

Discussion in 'Beer News & Releases' started by cavedave, Feb 10, 2016.

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  1. cavedave

    cavedave Poo-Bah (2,459) Mar 12, 2009 New York

    " For only the third time in the past 10 years, the United States bested Germany to lead the world in hop production last year, according to a final 2015 report by Hop Growers of America in Moxee."- from article

    It's only right that the number one hop loving country should be the number one hop producer. Short and interesting article.
  2. TheElectricOne

    TheElectricOne Defender (612) Jan 31, 2015 Rhode Island

    That gap will probably grow wider and wider over the next few years. Plenty of breweries still have hop shortages, so farmers will meet that demand by growing more and more. I didn't see in that article whether hops are exported at all....a question I'd be curious to know, what with craft beer getting bigger in Mexico and Canada.
    foundersfan1 likes this.
  3. SCW

    SCW Poo-Bah (1,692) Jul 25, 2004 New York
    Premium Industry

    Climate change is having a devastating effect on Germany's hop production. They've had a series of consecutive harvests that were well below average, including an absolutely devastating harvest a couple of years ago.

    Meanwhile, the Yakima area has more glacial runoff and precipitation than any other agricultural area in the contiguous 48 states. Good for them!
  4. jmdrpi

    jmdrpi Poo-Bah (5,306) Dec 11, 2008 Pennsylvania

    Yeah, based on this article - they've had an increasing rate of hail storms, and the hottest summer ever recorded.
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  5. hopfenunmaltz

    hopfenunmaltz Meyvn (1,386) Jun 8, 2005 Michigan

    There are not really hop shortages, just some some hops are in high demand. That is why contracts are important.

    The US imports a lot of hops from Germany, UK, NZ, AU. Exports are about 10 times that, to Mexico, Benelux, UK, and Germany as the top 4. A large part of that export amount is in the form of hop extracts.
  6. SCW

    SCW Poo-Bah (1,692) Jul 25, 2004 New York
    Premium Industry

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  7. JackHorzempa

    JackHorzempa Poo-Bah (3,712) Dec 15, 2005 Pennsylvania

    "China is the other main producer ranging from 6 to 16 percent."

    I was not aware that China was a producer of hops. Something new I learned today.

    Thanks Dave (@cavedave)!!

  8. zestd

    zestd Disciple (317) Jan 18, 2013 Idaho

    Hops are great...but you don't want to hang out too long in Yakama.
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  9. bierhaus15

    bierhaus15 Initiate (0) Jan 15, 2016 New York

    The Yakima and Willamette valley are the only major hop producing areas of the world under full irrigation. So when it doesn't rain all Summer in the Hallertauer, the whole crop suffers immensely.
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  10. nicholasofcusa

    nicholasofcusa Initiate (0) Jan 14, 2006 Pennsylvania

    Why? Too rainy? Nothing to do? Vampires?
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  11. Shroud0fdoom

    Shroud0fdoom Poo-Bah (1,591) Oct 31, 2013 Maryland

    No, hop farmers will shoot on sight.
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  12. chavinparty

    chavinparty Initiate (120) Jan 4, 2015 New Hampshire

    It's unfortunate for Germany but are they hopping beers at the same rate we are, or just selling them to us. Seems crazy that 4000 breweries in the midst of a hop fever in America has the same relative hop production as Germany.
  13. hopfenunmaltz

    hopfenunmaltz Meyvn (1,386) Jun 8, 2005 Michigan

    No, most German beer is not highly hoped. If one looks at AALs, then those have less hops than most German beers.

    Germany exports a large amount of their hops for lagers, which are the most popular styles worldwide.
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  14. Ranbot

    Ranbot Zealot (545) Nov 27, 2006 Pennsylvania

    Yeah. @chavinparty, for example Anheuser-Busch sources hops from Germany and is just one of many large brewers around the world who do. There are relatively few places in the world with appropriate climates for growing commercially viable yields of hops, Germany is one of them.
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  15. bluehende

    bluehende Poo-Bah (2,048) Dec 10, 2010 Delaware

    This surprised me that we were not way ahead in production. It just goes to show how change happens slowly. It is hard to replace traditional growing areas as the king.
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  16. jmdrpi

    jmdrpi Poo-Bah (5,306) Dec 11, 2008 Pennsylvania

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  17. jmdrpi

    jmdrpi Poo-Bah (5,306) Dec 11, 2008 Pennsylvania

    Look at the graph on page #13 of the report I linked. It shows that hop demand is currently higher than hop production.

    Looks like starting in 2013/14, China passed Germany for #4 for US hop exports. Germany is now #5.
    #17 jmdrpi, Feb 11, 2016
    Last edited: Feb 11, 2016
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  18. jmdrpi

    jmdrpi Poo-Bah (5,306) Dec 11, 2008 Pennsylvania

    Germany isn't just growing for themselves. The US and Germany are growing 81% of the world's hops, but aren't producing 81% of the world's beer.

    Brazil is the #3 country for beer production (after China and the US), but doesn't grow any hops. It's all about climate.
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  19. hopfenunmaltz

    hopfenunmaltz Meyvn (1,386) Jun 8, 2005 Michigan

    I probably was looking at the year before. China's beer consumption and production are growing fast (or were), and the hops have come from other places as they don't grow enough.
    foundersfan1 likes this.
  20. TheBungyo

    TheBungyo Champion (804) Dec 1, 2004 Washington

    What? Why not, I had a great time visiting the last time I was there.
  21. Kanger

    Kanger Zealot (515) Sep 3, 2013 New York

    Anyone know what China is growing besides Tsingtao Flower?
    JackHorzempa likes this.
  22. HopfenUndMalzGottErhalts

    HopfenUndMalzGottErhalts Initiate (77) Dec 25, 2015 Washington

    Germany can buy a Tettnang rhizome from me if they need it! :wink:

    I've been to Yakima around hop harvest. Aroma gets pretty heady coming out of the drying houses. Pretty dang hot there, too.
  23. nerdboy19

    nerdboy19 Aspirant (237) Sep 20, 2015 Korea (South)

    Plz grow more hops USA.. my country's breweries are suffering from hop scarcity :slight_frown:
  24. scottakelly

    scottakelly Devotee (471) May 9, 2007 Ohio

    Anyone know why they don't irrigate in Germany? That would at least fix drought related issues?
  25. jmdrpi

    jmdrpi Poo-Bah (5,306) Dec 11, 2008 Pennsylvania

    This is old, but the only thing I could find with a quick search
  26. Giovannilucano

    Giovannilucano Disciple (398) Feb 24, 2011 New Jersey

    Sorry for my enthuasiam of things Italian, but look at how Italy has jumped and is ninth. Very interesting when consider the size of it!
  27. derailment

    derailment Initiate (0) Dec 3, 2010 Ohio

    They do, but last year the snowpack didn't accumulate as expected and there were rounds of water restrictions throughout the different irrigation districts. Climate issues can most definitely put that entire region at risk if the winter snows don't continue. This year looks much better than last at this point!
  28. derailment

    derailment Initiate (0) Dec 3, 2010 Ohio

    It was kind of hard to understand him, but a German representative from SS Steiner was telling me about that situation while I was out in Yakmia last summer. My take-a-way was that their big concern had to do with groundwater contamination if I understood him correctly. Lets keep our fingers crossed for moderate precipitation across Europe next year!
  29. RogelioRodriguez

    RogelioRodriguez Initiate (0) Nov 7, 2015 California

    The natural environment is what makes those German noble hops so good...American variants just don't taste the same.
  30. distantmantra

    distantmantra Meyvn (1,013) May 23, 2011 Washington

    This year's snow pack is more than 100% expected for this time of year. Good for the hops and hopefully the wild fires aren't as bad.
    jmdrpi likes this.
  31. spicoli00

    spicoli00 Zealot (586) Jul 6, 2005 Indiana

    definitely part of the story. there is a a trace mineral in high concentrations in German soil that affect the flavors german hops impart, maybe copper?
  32. Dan_K

    Dan_K Devotee (487) Nov 8, 2013 Colorado

    Maybe... avoid trespassing? Just sayin'
  33. hopfenunmaltz

    hopfenunmaltz Meyvn (1,386) Jun 8, 2005 Michigan

    Copper compounds are used as fungicides. So probably not the reason.

    The copper has been thought to be the reason fo no 4MMP in continental hops.
  34. spicoli00

    spicoli00 Zealot (586) Jul 6, 2005 Indiana

    i think i recall that. For the Love of Hops goes into some detail on the topic. don't have the book in front of me to elaborate unfortunately. but if copper limits/eliminates 4mmp, than it is indeed affecting the flavor profile.
  35. hopfenunmaltz

    hopfenunmaltz Meyvn (1,386) Jun 8, 2005 Michigan

    Yes, that is where I remember it from too. But is is not from the ground water.
  36. Ranbot

    Ranbot Zealot (545) Nov 27, 2006 Pennsylvania

    I'm always surprised Argentina and Chile have so little hop production. It seems like there would be areas along their mountainous Pacific coast with similar climates and terrain as regions like Oregon, New Zealand, and Australia.
    #36 Ranbot, Feb 29, 2016
    Last edited: Feb 29, 2016
  37. hopfenunmaltz

    hopfenunmaltz Meyvn (1,386) Jun 8, 2005 Michigan

    It looks like Argentina has about 400 acres in production. Not much Pacific coast there, it is on the other side of the Andies.

    During the hop shortage of 2007/2008 timeframe, Brewers were getting Argentinian Cascade hops. They didn't have the cascade aroma, it was said they were more like a continental hop.
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  38. Ranbot

    Ranbot Zealot (545) Nov 27, 2006 Pennsylvania

    Yeah, but I figured there might still be some areas suitable, and I did remember something about Argentinian hops as you mentioned....
    Maybe something other than Cascade would have been a better variety? And what's Chile's excuse!? :grinning: Too busy with vineyards probably.... :rolling_eyes:

    I don't pretend to really know much about the details of hop farming. From my the viewpoint of comfy armchair it just looks similar to other regions that are known for hop production.
    cavedave likes this.
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